Upper-level winds slackened over subsequent days, allowing the cyclone to attain hurricane intensity early on October 24 and reach peak winds of 100 mph (160 km/h) by 00:00 UTC the next day. Most of the island's plantain and banana crops were destroyed. The organization lowered the upper bounds of their forecast compared to May due to less early season activity than expected, in all predicting 14 to 20 named storms, 8 to 12 hurricanes, and 4 to 6 major hurricanes. U.S. South Plains This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, Areas affected (bold indicates made landfall in that region at least once), damages, and death totals. The following list of names was used for named storms that formed in the North Atlantic during 2010. The Blizzard of 2013 was a record-breaker. Tropical Storm Colin led to one drowning death, and rip currents produced by Tropical Depression Five killed two people. [12], On the first day of the 2010 Atlantic season, Florida State University's Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies (FSU COAPS) released their only predictions, forecasting 17 named storms, 10 hurricanes, and an ACE index of 156 units. Inner core changes continued after peak, and Igor continued as a Category 4 hurricane for several days until increased shear and dry air entrainment forced a consistent weakening trend early on September 17. [159] Farther west in Curaçao, Tomas led to the most prolific rain event in four decades. [97] It fell to tropical depression status over central Texas by 00:00 UTC on September 8 and ultimately dissipated over southeastern Kansas by 06:00 UTC on September 10. [125] Widespread rainfall totals of 10 in (250 mm) were recorded across Veracruz, peaking at 16.73 in (424.9 mm) in Acayucan. Typhoons. Julia became the easternmost Category 4 hurricane on record in the Atlantic as a result. [109], The Government of Cabo Verde issued a tropical storm warning for the island chain as Julia approached. http://www.ThunderStormVideo.com This was one of the most intense hail storms that I have witnessed in many years of chasing out on the plains. [78], Severe impacts from Earl in Antigua and Barbuda amounted to EC $34 million ($12.6 million USD). [104] In Bermuda, sustained winds of 91 mph (146 km/h) and gusts up to 117 mph (188 km/h) downed trees and power lines, cutting power to approximately 28,000 residents. On March 16, 2011, at the 33rd Session of the RA IV hurricane committee, the World Meteorological Organization retired the names Igor and Tomas from its rotating name lists due to the number of deaths and damage they caused, and they will not be used again for another Atlantic hurricane. Total preliminary ACE was 159.6, which is 66.1 points above the 1951 to 2010 average of 93.5. While these areas were spared, the same cannot be said for the coast of eastern Mexico through the Yucatan Peninsula, including our own border region of the Rio Grande Valley. According to NOAA, the average Atlantic hurricane season between 1950 and 2005 contained 10.3 tropical storms, 6.2 hurricanes, 2.7 major hurricanes, and an ACE index of 66–103 units. Tides and Currents The storm became increasingly asymmetric as it interacted with the front, and Shary transitioned into an extratropical cyclone by 18:00 UTC that day. CURRENT HAZARDS Before and during each hurricane season, several forecasts of hurricane activity are issued by national meteorological services, scientific agencies, and noted hurricane experts. This was aided by a strongly negative North Atlantic Oscillation that contributed to weaker trade winds and thus anomalous warming of ocean temperatures in the months leading up to the hurricane season. The wave pushed west, organizing into a tropical depression by 06:00 UTC on October 29 and into Tropical Storm Tomas six hours later while located a few hundred miles east of Barbados. The 2010 Atlantic hurricane season was the first in a group of three very active Atlantic hurricane seasons. A locked padlock) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Type A-Z Date. The season concluded with Tomas which caused 35 fatalities along its track through the Caribbean and into the Atlantic. [36] Well above-average activity continued into October, with the formation of hurricanes Otto, Paula, Richard, Shary, and Tomas, one hurricane short of the monthly record set in 1870. The organization stated that although a strong El Niño event was ongoing at the release of their forecast, a continuation of a warm El Niño-Southern Oscillation was unlikely to persist through the hurricane season. Overview [41], The precursor disturbance to Alex flooded hundreds of homes and prompted the evacuation of thousands of residents in the Dominican Republic. Expansive outflow from Earl caused Fiona's low-level circulation to become dislocated from its convection, and the system degenerated into a remnant low by 00:00 UTC on September 4. NOAA typically categorizes a season as either above-average, average, or below-average based on the cumulative ACE Index, but the number of tropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes within a hurricane season are occasionally considered as well. [36] Large waves affected the East Coast of the United States, and one person drowned in Surf City, North Carolina. [162] Up to 35 people were killed there, though it was feared many more could die as Tomas exacerbated an already-deadly cholera outbreak.[163]. Intensification was temporarily stunted as the cyclone underwent an eyewall replacement cycle, but Earl ultimately attained peak winds of 145 mph (230 km/h) by 06:00 UTC on September 2. 12 hurricanes. Forecaster's Discussion Dates listed indicate the time the cyclone was deemed tropical, including initial depression stage. Therefore, a storm with a longer duration, such as Igor, will have high values of ACE. [158], The final tropical cyclone of the 2010 season developed from a tropical wave that moved off Africa on October 24. System turned north and west in Curaçao, Tomas led to the damaging. The northeastern coastline of the 8 storms reached hurricane strength, and up to 14 people killed. Four as it interacted with the wave as it began an eyewall replacement cycle severely reduced visibility Richard left dead. Gusty winds to the.gov website indicate the time the cyclone succumbed to an increasingly regime... 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