[2], Turners & Growers began to challenge Zespri's export monopoly of New Zealand's Kiwifruit industry in 2009 to gain the right to export their own kiwifruit varieties without using Zespri. However, in October 2011 the case was dropped in response to pressures from a new bacterial disease causing devastating losses in kiwifruit. Kiwifruit or kiwi is a major horticultural export earner for New Zealand. At the turn of the century, Actinidia deliciosa was just a wild plant in China, but by 1970 it has been developed into a new fruit crop in New Zealand. A New Zealand horticulturalist developed the well-known green kiwifruit in Avondale, New Zealand, around 1924. Both the number of charter vessels and containers used increased from the previous season and fruit was able to be delivered earlier than normal to meet demand. The branding move is also intended to distinguish New Zealand kiwifruit from other fruit and prevent other companies from gaining benefit from the New Zealand Kiwifruit Marketing Board's (a subsidiary of Zespri) activities. New Zealand’s kiwifruit industry is a regulated industry. [9] Among the exporters was the prominent produce company Turners and Growers, who were calling the berries melonettes, because the local name for the fruit, Chinese gooseberry, had political connotations due to the Cold War, and to further distinguish it from real gooseberries, which are prone to a fungus called anthracnose. Kiwifruit or kiwi is a major horticultural export earner for New Zealand. Kiwifruit from 'record-breaking harvest' shipped off Slim pickings - reporting the shortage of labour for fruit and veges Because of that, the “kiwi season” depends on where the kiwifruit is grown. "New Zealand again supplied more Zespri SunGold Kiwifruit than Green this season, with this year's harvest the largest yet. actinidiae (PSA), a variant of the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae, were present in a Bay of Plenty kiwifruit orchard in the North Island. To regain profitability and stability, the New Zealand Government and growers colluded to establish a single-desk export arrangement. Fuzzy kiwi are grown commercially in New Zealand, Italy, Japan, France, Australia, Greece, Chile, and California. Location. New Zealand’s 2,681 kiwifruit growers produce approximately 149 million trays for export from 12,692 productive hectares. Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa), woody vine and edible fruit of the family Actinidiaceae. An American importer, Norman Sondag of San Francisco, complained that melonettes was as bad as Chinese gooseberry because melons and berries were both subject to high import tariffs, and instead asked for a short Māori name that quickly connoted New Zealand. The Southampton Star at Port of Tauranga. This arrangement is commonly referred to as the Single Point of Entry (SPE) or ‘single desk’. Some of the attacks in the Bay of Plenty were by the virulent strain PSA-V. [16] In the early 20th century, it began being cultivated and harvested commercially in New Zealand. Today New Zealand is the third largest kiwifruit producing country, next to China and Italy, and holds approximately 30% of the market share. [24] The Department of Conservation, responsible for protecting public land, classify Actinidia deliciosa as an environmental weed. This granted a monopoly on the marketing of kiwifruit to Zespri and mandated that all suppliers sell their products through this single buyer (see also monopsony) for all exports outside of Australasia. [3] The seeds were planted in 1906 by a Whanganui nurseryman, Alexander Allison, with the vines first fruiting in 1910. In the 2008–2009 season the value of New Zealand kiwifruit exports was NZ$1.45 billion. [2] Zespri has the role of promoting and selling kiwifruit in overseas markets as well as establishing regulations on which kiwifruit can be sold in the export markets. In New Zealand in 2007, just under 12,000 hectares were planted in kiwifruit. In 1955, MacLoughlin bought out his partner, purchasing his land back along with an additional 38 acres and planting it all to Chinese gooseberries. The New Zealanders called it “kiwi” after their national bird. Adaptation: The plants need a long growing season (at least 240 frost-free days) which will not be hampered by late winter or early autumn freezes. [20], Much of the breeding to refine the green kiwifruit and develop the gold Zespri was done by the Plant & Food Research Institute (formerly HortResearch) during the decades of 1970–1999. In addition to New Zealand and California, kiwifruit is also grown commercially in such areas as Italy, South Africa and Chile. Apr / May 20. Smaller concentrations are in the Northland, Auckland, Gisborne and Nelson regions. Feb / Mar 20. We visited the region as part of a massive North Island road trip. Zespri's Chief Global Supply Officer Alastair Hulbert said Zespri used 49 chartered reefer vessels and 17,829 refrigerated containers to ship around 157 million class 1 trays – or 600,000 tonnes of Zespri SunGold, Green and Zespri Red Kiwifruit to consumers in more than 50 countries around the world. Today New Zealand is the third largest kiwifruit producing country, next to China and Italy,[1] and holds approximately 30% of the market share. The Kiwifruit Marketing Licensing Authority had the rights to establish market standards such as fruit size, quality and packaging of kiwifruit for export markets, the Authority also acted as an adviser to the government. Kiwifruit marketer Zespri recently shipped out the last of this year’s New Zealand kiwifruit, leaving the Port of Tauranga for global markets and bringing a strong season to a close. This gave growers some control of licensing exporters. The Kiwifruit Industry Restructuring Act 1999 (the ‘’Act’’) and the Kiwifruit Export Regulations 1999(the “Regulations’’) set the current industry structure. "The wider supply chain including frontline staff at the Port of Tauranga have worked incredibly hard to ship our record-breaking harvest this season, and embrace the enhanced safety measures put in place to keep our people and communities safe during New Zealand's response to Covid-19. In 1952, MacLoughlin approached the New Zealand Fruit Federation who agreed to facilitate the shipping and marketing of the fruit to United States markets, this was New Zealand's first export of Chinese gooseberries. The final shipments of this season's New Zealand-grown kiwifruit have left the Port of Tauranga, bound for Asia. [25], W Lee, P Heenan, J Sullivan, P Williams "Limiting new invasive weeds in New Zealand—some emerging issues", A name that originally referred to the kiwifruit, but often refers to the, "Isabel Fraser: Hand carried the first kiwifruit seeds from China", "First Commercial Kiwifruit Grower and Explorer". The Act and the Regulations establish Zespri as the primary exporter of New Zealand-grown kiwifruit to all countries other than Australia. New Zealand developed the first commercially viable kiwifruit and developed export markets, creating the demand for the fruit that exists today. [21] The general name, "Zespri", has been used for marketing of all green and gold cultivars of kiwifruit from New Zealand since 2012. Kiwifruit can be grown in most temperate climates with adequate summer heat. A schoolteacher introduced the fruit to New Zealand in 1904, upon returning from China with seeds. Photo /Jamie Troughton/Dscribe Media Services. Kiwifruit belongs to the family of “Actinidiaceae” and genus of “Actinidia”. New Zealand developed the first commercially viable kiwifruit and developed export markets, creating the demand for the fruit that exists today. The Southampton Star at Port of Tauranga. The opposite growing season of New Zealand and Chile makes kiwifruit readily available all-year-round in the northern hemisphere. [6], As the local popularity of this fruit increased, New Zealanders discarded the local Chinese name for the fruit (yáng táo[a])[8] in favour of the name Chinese gooseberry. Kiwi Quinoa is grown spray-free using farming practices that benefit the environment and result in a delicious and nourishing quinoa. That benefit the environment and result in a delicious and nourishing Quinoa a slightly acid taste and are high vitamins! 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