Roughly four-fifths of the population professes Christianity; there is a sizable minority of unaffiliated Christians, while Roman Catholics, Protestants, and independents constitute the rest. [30] Europeans, primarily the French, Germans, and Belgians, arrived in the area in 1885. [12], Changes in government have occurred in recent years by three methods: violence, negotiations, and elections. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The annual real GDP growth rate is just above 3%. Current population of Central African Republic — Countrymeters", https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/central_african_republic.htm, "World Report 2019: Rights Trends in Central African Republic", 'Cannibal' dictator Bokassa given posthumous pardon, World Economic Outlook Database, January 2018, "These are the world's unhealthiest countries – The Express Tribune", "Central African Republic worst country in the world for young people – study", "Pastoralism may have delayed the end of the green Sahara", Central Africa Republic Timeline – Part 1: From Prehistory to Independence (13 August 1960), A Chronology of Key Events in Central Africa Republic, "Rābiḥ az-Zubayr | African military leader", French Colonies – Central African Republic, "In pictures: Malaria train, Mayomba forest", Central African Republic: The colonial era – Britannica Online Encyclopedia, "Army Tropples Leader of Central African Republic", "Central African Republic – Discover World", "EISA Central African Republic: 1999 Presidential election results", "Central African Republic: Anatomy of a Phantom State", "Bozize to step down after transitional period", "On the Run as War Crosses Another Line in Africa", "Central African Republic: Hundreds flee Birao as French jets strike – Central African Republic", "Central African Republic president flees capital amid violence, official says", "Leader of Central African Republic Fled to Cameroon, Official Says", "UN warning over Central African Republic genocide risk", "France says Central African Republic on verge of genocide", Unspeakable horrors in a country on the verge of genocide, "Central African Republic crisis to be scrutinised by UN security council", "CAR interim President Michel Djotodia resigns", "Central African Republic's capital tense as ex-leader heads into exile", RCA : signature d’un accord de cessez-le-feu à Brazzaville, "Almost all 436 Central African Republic mosques destroyed: U.S. diplomat", Rebel declares autonomous state in Central African Republic, "Geography of Central African Republic, Landforms – World Atlas", "The Forests of the Congo Basin: State of the Forest 2006", "Wildlife of northern Central African Republic in danger", "Africa :: Central African Republic – The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", http://citypopulation.de/Centralafrica.html, "International Religious Freedom Report 2010", "Table: Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country", "Central African Republic, Statistics by Diocese", "Central African Republic: Religious tinderbox", "Central African Republic. The Central African Republic thanks the international community for the assistance it has received. The country plunged into crisis in 2013, when a coalition of armed groups known as the Seleka seized the capital city of Bangui. Patassé's party, the Mouvement pour la Libération du Peuple Centrafricain (MLPC) or Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People, gained a simple but not an absolute majority of seats in parliament, which meant Patassé's party required coalition partners. A new constitution was approved by voters in a referendum held on 5 December 2004. [28] During the 18th century Bandia-Nzakara Azande peoples established the Bangassou Kingdom along the Ubangi River. 2019 Score 25 /100. [132] Freedom of movement is limited in the northern part of the country "because of actions by state security forces, armed bandits, and other nonstate armed entities", and due to fighting between government and anti-government forces, many persons have been internally displaced. The Central African Republic is a landlocked nation within the interior of the African continent. [108], The currency of the Central African Republic is the CFA franc, which is accepted across the former countries of French West Africa and trades at a fixed rate to the euro. Pressure from the United States, France, and from a group of locally represented countries and agencies called GIBAFOR (France, the US, Germany, Japan, the EU, the World Bank, and the UN) finally led Kolingba to agree, in principle, to hold free elections in October 1992 with help from the UN Office of Electoral Affairs. Die Hauptstadt ist Bangui. Country data. Plan International began operating in Central African Republic in 2014 to support children to get an education, keep them safe and provide them with food and skills training. [31], In 1920 French Equatorial Africa was established and Ubangi-Shari was administered from Brazzaville. For more information and resources on our anti-corruption corruption work, please visit the End Corruption and Library sections. The inter-African military mission was later replaced by a U.N. peacekeeping force (MINURCA). In May 2005, Bozizé won the presidential election, which excluded Patassé, and in 2006 fighting continued between the government and the rebels. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Séléka government was said to be divided,[63] and in September 2013, Djotodia officially disbanded Seleka, but many rebels refused to disarm, becoming known as ex-Seleka, and veered further out of government control. The Central African Republic is celebrating 60 years of independence. [44] In September 1979, France overthrew Bokassa and restored Dacko to power (subsequently restoring the name of the country and the original government to the Central African Republic). [13] As of 2019[update], according to the Human Development Index (HDI), the country had the second-lowest level of human development (only behind Niger), ranking 188th out of 189 countries, and the country had the lowest inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI), ranking 150th out of 150 countries. On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I congratulate the people and government of the Central African Republic as you celebrate your national day. The Central African Republic’s economic freedom score is 50.7, making its economy the 159th freest in the 2020 Index. This African Union force of 6,000 personnel was accompanied by the French Operation Sangaris. The podcast examines barriers faced by male survivors of sexual violence in the Central African Republic following the recent ASP report on sexual violence against men and boys in the country. Other imports come from the United States (12.3%), India (11.5%), and China (8.2%). Basketball is the country's most popular sport and a good way to connect with its people. Marshal Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who had ruled the republic since he took power in 1965, was declared Emperor Bokassa I. Brutality and excess characterized his regime. A small minority declares no religious affiliation. Their candidacies in … [101], In 2006, due to ongoing violence, over 50,000 people in the country's northwest were at risk of starvation[102] but this was averted due to assistance from the United Nations. with AGENCIES. [12], As in many other former French colonies, the Central African Republic's legal system is based on French law. [68], The Central African Republic is a landlocked nation within the interior of the African continent. [111][112], River ferries sail from the river port at Bangui to Brazzaville and Zongo. Image: Renaissance.cf/Facebook. [88], There are many missionary groups operating in the country, including Lutherans, Baptists, Catholics, Grace Brethren, and Jehovah's Witnesses. [83] More recent work from the Pew Research Center estimated that, as of 2010, Christians constituted 89.8% of the population (60.7% Protestant and 28.5% Catholic) while Muslims made up 8.9%. Games W/D/L 1 / 0 / 5. [97], The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 140 members, elected for a five-year term using the two-round (or Run-off) system. The people of the Central African Republic range from the hunting-and-gathering forest Pygmy peoples, the Aka, to state-forming groups such as the Zande and Nzakara. [66] By the end of 2014, the country was de facto partitioned with the anti-Balaka in the southwest and ex-Seleka in the northeast. In 1960, the population was 1,232,000; as of a 2018 UN estimate, it is approximately 4,666,368. On 18 February 2014, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on the UN Security Council to immediately deploy 3,000 troops to the country, bolstering the 6,000 African Union soldiers and 2,000 French troops already in the country, to combat civilians being murdered in large numbers. Some may not be viable and/or have incorrect Progress Scale values, population, language and religion information. The Humanitarian Needs Overview 2021 reveals a devastating human cost in the Central African Republic. [90], The Central African Republic's two official languages are French and Sango (also spelled Sangho), a creole developed as an inter-ethnic lingua franca based on the local Ngbandi language. Despite COVID-19, Central African Republic court says polls must hold. [108] Much of the country is self-sufficient in food crops; however, livestock development is hindered by the presence of the tsetse fly. As of 2020[update], the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.[10]. [12], The Central African Republic relies heavily on Russian mercenaries for the protection of its diamond mines. The only major group not to sign an agreement at the time was the CPJP, which continued its activities and signed a peace agreement with the government on 25 August 2012. A minority of Greek, Portuguese, and Yemeni traders are scattered around the country, and a small French population lives in Bangui. MESAN continued to exist, but its role was limited. The climate can be described as tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers. The landlocked nation on the Central African Republic is very true to its name and can be found right at the center of the African continent. World, Africa UN extends Central African Republic mission for 1 year Mission’s mandate will run until Nov. 15 next year, according to UNSC resolution [31], On 11 January 2014, Michael Djotodia and Nicolas Tiengaye resigned as part of a deal negotiated at a regional summit in neighboring Chad. [80] Only 3% of the country has antiretroviral therapy available, compared to a 17% coverage in the neighbouring countries of Chad and the Republic of the Congo. Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21, The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine (RCA)[9]  pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. ranks 188 out of 188 countries on the United Nations Human Development Index. The Syrte Agreement in February and the Birao Peace Agreement in April 2007 called for a cessation of hostilities, the billeting of FDPC fighters and their integration with FACA, the liberation of political prisoners, integration of FDPC into government, an amnesty for the UFDR, its recognition as a political party, and the integration of its fighters into the national army. [36] In 1946 Barthélémy Boganda was elected with 9,000 votes to the French National Assembly, becoming the first representative of the CAR in the French government. The Central African Republic (CAR) is gearing up for presidential elections on December 27. The country lies between latitudes 2° and 11°N, and longitudes 14° and 28°E.[69]. While these missionaries are predominantly from the United States, France, Italy, and Spain, many are also from Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and other African countries. At 622,984 square kilometres (240,535 sq mi), the Central African Republic is the world's 44th-largest country. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. About 7,000 Central African refugees live in the Gado-Badzere camp. To help meet basic needs in Toko Kota, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, distributed with 1,000 emergency kits containing plastic tarpaulin to build shelters, mosquito nets, … [113] The river port handles the overwhelming majority of the country's international trade and has a cargo handling capacity of 350,000 tons; it has 350 metres (1,150 ft) length of wharfs and 24,000 square metres (260,000 sq ft) of warehousing space.[111]. The top court in Central African Republic (CAR) rejected on Thursday the candidacy of former President Francois Bozize in a Dec. 27 election being held despite security concerns because of fighting between rival militias. [57] Document - On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I congratulate the people and government of the Central African Republic as you celebrate your national day. The president also appoints and presides over the Council of Ministers, which initiates laws and oversees government operations. Boganda maintained a political stance against racism and the colonial regime but gradually became disheartened with the French political system and returned to CAR to establish the Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa (Mouvement pour l'évolution sociale de l'Afrique noire, MESAN) in 1950. inequality-adjusted Human Development Index, Economic Community of Central African States, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Colonialism in the Central African Republic, Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa, Ubangi-Shari Territorial Assembly election, Mouvement d'évolution démocratique de l'Afrique centrale, Central African Republic Civil War (2012–present), Geography of the Central African Republic, List of countries and dependencies by area, Prefectures of the Central African Republic, Sub-prefectures of the Central African Republic, Demographics of the Central African Republic, Languages of the Central African Republic, List of African writers (by country) § Central African Republic, Mass media in the Central African Republic, Central African Republic Council of Ministers, List of political parties in the Central African Republic, Foreign relations of the Central African Republic, treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa, Transportation in the Central African Republic, Communications in the Central African Republic, ITU Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D), Education in the Central African Republic, Human rights in the Central African Republic, LGBT rights in the Central African Republic, Child marriage in the Central African Republic, List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor, List of Central African Republic-related topics, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Live Central African Republic population (2017). The Central African Republic, a land-locked country bordered by Chad, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, covers 240,000 square … Their captives were enslaved and shipped to the Mediterranean coast, Europe, Arabia, the Western Hemisphere, or to the slave ports and factories along the West and North Africa or South along the Ubanqui and Congo rivers. [116], Presently, the Central African Republic has active television services, radio stations, internet service providers, and mobile phone carriers; Socatel is the leading provider for both internet and mobile phone access throughout the country. [26][27] In the mid 19th century, the Bobangi people became major slave traders and sold their captives to the Americas using the Ubangi river to reach the coast. On 23 July 2014, following Congolese mediation efforts, Séléka and anti-balaka representatives signed a ceasefire agreement in Brazzaville. Very small groups reported, but outside the Joshua Project Small Group Policy. In 1987 and 1988, semi-free elections to parliament were held, but Kolingba's two major political opponents, Abel Goumba and Ange-Félix Patassé, were not allowed to participate. In addition to the Fertit Hills in the northeast of the CAR, there are scattered hills in the southwest regions. [35], In September 1940, during the Second World War, pro-Gaullist French officers took control of Ubangi-Shari and General Leclerc established his headquarters for the Free French Forces in Bangui. [18] Initial farming of white yam progressed into millet and sorghum, and before 3000 BC[19] the domestication of African oil palm improved the groups' nutrition and allowed for expansion of the local populations. By Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban. According to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), government forces allegedly committed human rights violations, including extrajudicial killings, with the FACA responsible for 22, the national gendarmes five, and police two. [12], According to the 2003 national census, 80.3% of the population was Christian (51.4% Protestant and 28.9% Roman Catholic), 10% was Muslim and 4.5 percent other religious groups, with 5.5 percent having no religious beliefs. [138] The Bureau of International Labor Affairs has also mentioned it in its last edition of the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor. It also has Article on Career in Development Sector. [12], In November 2012, Séléka, a coalition of rebel groups, took over towns in the northern and central regions of the country. Share. A July 2020 estimate shows the Central African Republic has a population of over 5 million. Bozize planned to run against President Faustin-Archange Touadera. The concessionary companies forced local people to harvest rubber, coffee, and other commodities without pay and held their families hostage until they met their quotas. In 2011, Bozizé was reelected in an election which was widely considered fraudulent. [72], The Central African Republic is the focal point of the Bangui Magnetic Anomaly, one of the largest magnetic anomalies on Earth. The primary governmental regulating bodies of telecommunications are the Ministère des Postes and Télécommunications et des Nouvelles Technologies. [78], The population of the Central African Republic has almost quadrupled since independence. Since at least 2002 there have been plans to connect Bangui by rail to the Transcameroon Railway. Conflict-torn Central African Republic (CAR) is recovering and entering a new era of reconciliation and prosperity. Approximately 68% of girls are married before they turn 18,[137] and the United Nations' Human Development Index ranked the country 188 out of 188 countries surveyed. [52] [67] On 14 December 2015, Séléka rebel leaders declared an independent Republic of Logone. [32] During the 1920s and 1930s the French introduced a policy of mandatory cotton cultivation,[32] a network of roads was built, attempts were made to combat sleeping sickness, and Protestant missions were established to spread Christianity. [40] Within a year, he declared the establishment of the Central African Republic and served as the country's first prime minister. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. Despite a few investigations and trials these past few years, many perpetrators of horrendous human rights violations and abuses in the Central African Republic (CAR) have not been brought to justice two years after the inauguration of the country’s Special Criminal Court (SCC). From Brazzaville, goods are transported by rail to Pointe-Noire, Congo's Atlantic port. The extent of this insurrection, which was perhaps the largest anti-colonial rebellion in Africa during the interwar years, was carefully hidden from the French public because it provided evidence of strong opposition to French colonial rule and forced labor. The U.N. envoy for Central African Republic said Monday the country “is very definitely on its way to holding successful elections” in late December but the political situation is still tense. [118] However, approximately half of the adult population of the country is illiterate. [27] In 1875, the Sudanese sultan Rabih az-Zubayr governed Upper-Oubangui, which included present-day CAR. Crisis in the Central African Republic – A Christian fighter walks by houses burned by ex-Seleka forces in Bogoura, a small town in the Central African Republic, on Sunday, January 19. Much of the country consists of flat or rolling plateau savanna approximately 500 metres (1,640 ft) above sea level. [75], The northern areas are hot and humid from February to May,[76] but can be subject to the hot, dry, and dusty trade wind known as the Harmattan. [42] Dacko threw out his political rivals, including Abel Goumba, former Prime Minister and leader of Mouvement d'évolution démocratique de l'Afrique centrale (MEDAC), whom he forced into exile in France. The former President agreed to run as a candidate for his party after returning to his country at the end of 2019. Locals in the Central African Republic are facing a food shortage crisis amidst regional insecurity instability. 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