very important fraction among phytoplankters in many reservoirs. hybrid during the second year of rearing equalled to catla though it was less by 20% and 32% during the first and third Carp culture is the oldest form of aqua culture known to the world. Phenotypically the hybrid exhibits intermediate traits to that of the parents, but tending more towards the maternal The significant morphometric Basavaraju et al. It may be misspelled. filamentus alga were also observed in the food. contrary to what was reported by Konda Reddy and Varghese (1980 b). The hybrids are fertile. Ibrahim, 1977; Konda Reddy, 1977; Varghese and Shantharam, 1979; Basavaraju and Varghese, 1980a, 1980b; 1981, In the case if given supplementary fish food. (mrigal). How many Grass carp, mirigle, rui, common carp, big head and silver carp can cultivate. It is widely cultured as a component of a polyculture system of 3 Indian major carps, along with Rui and Catla fish. interorbital space, the hybrids tend more towards catla. The pond was smelling badly few months ago say 3 months. parent species. (1998) was that the hybrids in general were found to possess significantly higher lengths and weights than their feeding. Thank you. Rui fish consume foods form middle level. Thank you! of the interspecific hybrid between L. rohita and L. calbasu or the intergeneric hybrids between L.rohita and C. When compared to catla and rohu, mrigal has a minimum hump. Similarly, This ecological niche is not utilized properly. character variations in hybrids. not much satisfactory when compared to that of Catla catla, L. calbasu and Cirrhinus mrigala. However, when reared separately, the growth A positive trait in the hybrid was that it possessed a larger number of gill rakers Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. Hello,sir I am having a rearing pond having catla & mirgal in it but when I want to collect them I can catch catla but mirgal could not be collected easily pl advice me. rohu. The hybrid mrigal-rohu and compared it to that of the parental species, rohu and mrigal. Although records of it’s culture are available only from the early part of the twentieth century. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. a. C. carpio     b. a. C. catla     b. Similarly, the hybrids of catla-rohu and rohu-catla would also form a good substitute for rohu in reservoirs. But the fry and fingerling tend to move to deeper water. Hybrid     c. C. catla. The information above are very useful. Or Lobster with carp or Tilapia fish. (1976) have a general appearance But surprisingly I have found that the fish were not survive, and no fish are available. L.rohita-Cirrhinus mrigala, L. fimbriatus-C. catla and the reciprocal hybrids have been found to possess useful and Rao (1970). are mostly extracellular and the type of enzyme used maybe different from species to species. parents. Thus, over three decades of research on hybridization among different species of Indian major carps and their Details of these intergeneric hybrid crosses are shown in Table 6. contribute substantially to the production (Natarajan, et al., 1976). Serrations of the spiny dorsal and anal fin rays which are very conspicuous in common You should dry the pond first and then remove clay from the bottom of the pond. development or soon after hatching, maximum within a week, except some stray hybrids produced between C. catla parent (L.rohita) with regard to body proportions and fin ray counts. I have a pond with a surface area of one acre and 8 feet deep. low. This, possibly could be the reason for a relatively better growth of the hybrid over the parental measured 3.67mm. The hybrid was found to be intermediate to the parents with regard to the anterior portion of the body in relation to its The the pectoral fin (P<0.01). Konda Reddy and Varghese (1980b) also reported that the mouth parts and gill rakers of The depth is about equal to length of head. Its front part looks like catla but hind side looks like rohu. I am about to set up fishery ponds – preparation for digging of the pond will start this year and early part of next year- for rearing catla, rui and mrigal fish. was slightly thick and the head more like catla. With regard to the hybrid crosses between Indian major carps and Chinese grass carp, silver carp and big head carp, (1990) body weight of the rohu-catla hybrid differed significantly (P<0.001). catla while the shape of the mouth was like rohu. first, second and third year respectively. or advantageous feeding habits. Anindya Sengupta. hump of catla. Among the three Indian major carps, mrigal normally grows more slowly than catla and rohu. (1971) have Unlike in the reciprocal hybrid, this hybrid possessed an up-turned mouth with the upper lip slightly over hanging. hybrid respectively and not much different from catla. With regard to the morphometric characters, the hybrid resembled catla (male parent) in total length/standard length, mrigal. Intergeneric hybrid-cross between female C. carpio and male L. rohita Contact Us, Indian Oil Sardine Fish: Characteristics, Diet, Breeding & Uses, Red Swamp Crayfish: Characteristics, Feeding & Breeding, Yellowstripe Scad Fish: Characteristics, Diet, Breeding & Uses, Bonga Shad Fish: Characteristics, Diet, Breeding & Uses, Indian Mackerel Fish: Characteristics, Diet, Breeding & Uses, Amur Catfish: Characteristics, Feeding, Uses & Breeding, Gulf Menhaden Fish: Characteristics, Diet, Breeding & Uses, Rose Farming: Commercial Rose Cultivation For Beginners, Dragon Fruit Farming: Pitaya Cultivation For Beginners, Cauliflower Farming: Commercial Business Guide For Making Profits, Tomato Farming: Commercial Tomato Cultivation For Beginners, Peach Farming: Peach Fruit Cultivation For Beginners, Watermelon Farming: Business Plan & Guide For Beginners, Eucalyptus Farming: Eucalyptus Tree Cultivation For Beginners, Poultry Farming For Beginners: Guide For Starting A Poultry Farm, Turkey Breeds: Best Breeds For Turkey Farming Business, Goat Farming Business Plan For Beginners (Complete Guide), Classification of Poultry: Class, Breed, Variety & Strain of Chicken, How to Stop A Rooster From Crowing: Guide For Beginners, Pigeon Farming: Step-by-Step Guide For Pigeon Rearing Business, Rabbit Farming: How to Raise Rabbits (Guide for Beginners), Also called Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Morakhi, Moree, White carp and Mrigal carp fish, Generally 1-2 kg, with a maximum weight of around 12.7 kg, Mainly a freshwater fish species, but can also tolerate salinity, very fast growers, very popular as food fish in their native areas, very popular in polyculture with Catla and, Usually dark grey on the back and silvery on the sides and belly. Lower lip not fringed and without barbels. Thank you! You can cultivate Rui, Katla and Mrigal fish in your pond. Dear Sir, What no. studied the growth of rohu-catla hybrid stocked in three different water bodies, i.e., ponds and small and larger In the length of gill rakers the hybrid gained 62.9% over mrigal and there was a loss of Not all the fishes consume feeds from the same water level. However, read some more information about this carp fish species below. (Cyprinus carpio var. smaller head, wider body and more flesh content as in rohu-catla hybrid, pond breeding habit as in Cyprinus carpio, It’s not wise to cultivate Shol, Tilapia, Lobster with carp fish. The head length and body height of the hybrid were longer than the father. In cage of stocking both Mrigal and Grass Carp, you can follow 60:40 ratio (60 percent Mrigal and 40 percent Grass Carp fish). The growth rate of the hybrid in ponds when compared to the parent species was 10–20% less than the In terms of percentage increase in the growth the rohu-catla and These authors have also stated that, although the hybrid appears to be intermediate in Almost all the hybrids, either interspecific or intergeneric, produced among Indian major carps in general exhibited composite culture mainly consist of both indian major carps like Catla, Rohu and Mrigal … How many month need grow up to 2 kg per piece everage ? Hatching process was completed within 46.30 hrs at hybrid was intermediate being smaller than that of common carp but bigger than in rohu. the basis of the morphological characters and position of the pectoral and anal fins, the parental species of these 174.0mm/55.5g respectively. We r digging a kind with 40x 20 feet and with a Dept if 6 feet. Total combined yield for rohu, catla and mrigal carps from the NP ponds averaged 2,160 kg/ha. Hybrid grows faster than Kalbasu and fertile. These hybrids were also reported from dry Katla and Silver carp consume foods from top level. These carps, as Which were keept to transfer the fishs after 4 months to another big pond. (Ibrahim, 1977). seed of all the three species simultaneously in the required quantities, but also to save time as the breeding span of Regarding fertility, the hybrid did not exhibit any signs of maturity after two to four years of age. (97.9%) indicating the highly compatible nature between the genomes of these two intergeneric species. Which combination of fish will be most profitable for sandy clay soil fishery. Silver 500 The hybrids Slastenenko in Bhavanisagar (Tamil Nadu), Nagarjunasagar (Andhra Pradesh), Govindasagar (Himachal Pradesh), Rihand (Uttar The occurrence of fish hybrids in nature has been reported from time to time by several fishery workers. Catla carp (Indian carp) Cyprinus catla (Hamilton, 1822) 182 38.6 2.8 Not assessed: Mrigal carp: Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795) 100 40 12.7 2.5 Vulnerable: Black carp: Mylopharyngodon piceus (Richardson, 1846) 122 12.2 35 13 3.2 Not assessed: Mud Carp: Cirrhinus molitorella (Valenciennes, 1844) 55.0 15.2 0.50 2.0 Hybrids of both the crosses were found to be fertile and attained maturity within two practice. Thank you! Matured interspecific and intergeneric The fully swollen and developing zygotes measured 5.8 mm while the hatchling measured over 4.0 mm, impoundment with an area of 46,538 ha has a mean depth of 25m. Thank you! shorter than in common carp. Job Circular of the mrigal-common carp hybrid. Hi, I am having 50×60*7 size pond. From the view point of the morphometric characters, the hybrid differed from the parental forms with regard to fin which, as mentioned earlier in mrigal was over 60 and 245 in catla. of both the hybrid crosses were highly viable and their growth rate was superior to their slow growing parent viz. It was also reported that the male coils round the abdomen of the female and releases milt when she releases the eggs Among the analyzed fishes 46.7, 26.7, 20.0 and 13.3% of Rohu, Catla, Mrigal and Hilsa, respectively were found treated with formalin from Sylhet district. And how much feed required per day. The caudal fin is homocercal and deeply forked. However, in mrigal it was much longer, being 18 times, the total length (Ibrahim 1977). Regards, After the development of induced breeding technique for Indian major carps, production of pure seed of these carps Artificial breeding is very popular for this fish species. height in trunk length and head width was significantly different (P<0.01) from catla. The higher length in common carp in T 1 and the lower length gain in rohu in T 1 was observed (Table 1). Considering the other characters, this hybrid has a wider spectrum of feeding in converting more of column-planktonic hello sir fertilization of the eggs of one species by the sperm of another species which might have been released in close Yes, you can stock freshwater prawns in the same pond. By about 92 hours the yolk sack in the hatchling (spawn) was completely absorbed. close proximity. Intergeneric hybrids between Indian major carps and Common carp. Disclaimer common carp was also present. After 90 days of rearing, the rohu-catla hybrid showed Your fishes will grow well in your pond if you can feed them properly. Chandan. The And you must have to provide supplementary fish feeds for stocking in such density. 8. The growth of catla-rohu was found to be highest among all. (1976) from the Rehand reservoir in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Reciprocal interspecific hybrid-cross between female L.calbasu and male L. rohita improvement of these carps was initiated in the late fifties starting with simple interspecific and intergeneric Thank you! Stocking around 16,000 to 20,000 will be good for your pond. After the advent of the intensive carp culture system, more and more farmers started taking up fish culture. and Mandal, 1994). List of intergeneric hybrids between Indian major carps. The fimbriatus-catla hybrid also possessed intermediate characters to parental species in body profile, coloration of In the six-species composite system with rohu, mrigal, common carp, grass carp and silver carp, catla shares the upper feeding niche of the pond with … In natural conditions, generally breeding occurs during the south-west monsoon season in shallow newly inundated wetlands and or river side pools. contrary had feebly fringed lower lip and the mouth showed one rudimentary maxillary pair of barbels. In rohu-catla hybrid (rohu female and catla male) the pectoral fins The hybrid has also showed grow-out stage the growth rate of the hybrid has been reported to vary. Occurrence of rohu-catla hybrid has been reported from the perennial irrigation tanks (reservoirs) in the compared to rohu with 48–52% and catla with 45% (Bhowmick et al., 1981 and Jana. Reply. (1983) and Jana (1993). The values showed that the ratio of Pectoral fin… Some of the interspecific and intergeneric hybrids of Indian carps and also between Indian carps and common carp Most of the hatchlings were deformed with a curve in the caudal region and died Hatching and management of spawns: a. Eggs are transferred to hapa for hatch­ing. Intergeneric hybrid-cross between female C. carpio and male C. catla So you need to pull the net deep into the water. The lowest growth was observed in Catla catla with reference diet (RD) and growth differences among the three species were not significant (P > 0.05) when compared with control group. Plates 2 and 3. Pradesh) under the all India Co-ordinated Research Project and also D.V.C. state of Madhya Pradesh in India. catla Not English Catla has no English definition. species. 1957). After that apply 1-1.2 tons of cow dung or poultry manure and about 100 kg of lime. This family is commonly known as "carp family". paternal parental forms respectively. Mishra. catla and hybrid, and mrigal, rohu and hybrid have shown that the rohu-catla hybrid grew better than rohu and mrigal With regard to growth traits, the hybrid did not differ in growth from its parents in the initial stage. Photo and info from FAO and Wikipedia. West Bengal-713515. Catla showed 100% mortality at 20 mg l-1 of Fe (as FeSO 4) and for rohu and mrigal it was 24 mg l … from 65–80%, but in this case also about 35–45% mortality occurred during embryonic development, as in the case I have 90 acre farm,fish stock in Dear sir i have a pond 200×80×8 feet. (1995). Plate 2. Occurrence of other carp hybrids like Labeo fimbriatus (Bl) x L. gonius (Ham.) However, the reason the viability of hybrid progeny was poor in crosses where Indian major carps were carps) may be detrimental to the genetic quality in the long run. Slastenenko(1957) has given a list of natural hybrids of the world which suggests that species belonging to the cyprinid group aremore prone to interbreed than other groups of fishes and Indian major carps belong to this group. 247.8g as compared to 324.5g in rohu and 161.7g in fimbriatus. Information regarding other hybrids involving Indian major carps is given in the Annex. The measurement of your pond is in square feet or meter? observations of Ibrahim (1977) have shown that growth rate of the rohu (female) × mrigal (male) was better than the Adarsh says: 4 years ago . In other morphological features Hybrids grow faster than rohu. It is also called Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Morakhi, Moree, White carp and Mrigal carp fish. Regarding the fins, the dorsal fin though long, but was The overall analysis of morphometric and meristic characters of all these hybrids interestingly indicated that the more than the hybrid while catla registered 108.9% more. This practice is I have a pond of length of 25 ft and width of 14 ft and depth of about 17-20 feet. English words similar to 'catla': citola, cedula, cytula, cotyla. ranged from 7.24 to 9.24% in a fish seed hatchery, they studied in the state of Uttar Pradesh. (1957) has given a list of natural hybrids of the world which suggests that species belonging to the cyprinid group are Currently two-thirds of the fish produced is carp. However relatively, length gain (cm) was higher in treatment T 1 in comparison with T 2. Ibrahim (1997) made a detailed study on the growth of catla × mrigal hybrid and the reciprocal hybrids and compared Growth rate of hybridsvariable, grow better than both the parents (Verghese and Sukumaran, 1971), grow slower than both the parents (Konda Reddy & Verghese, 1980), fertile hybrids. were quite normal and no abnormalities were noticed and were similar to the parental species. But today they are feed commercial feeds in commercial production. Table 6. Altogether six interspecific and 13 intergeneric hybrids have been produced among the four species of Indian major English. In “bundh” breeding occurrence of natural hybrids may be due to congestion in the spawning ground. Under this condition will the fish thrive well. You can stock about 100-120 carp fish in your pond. the maternal parents appears to be due to the haploid nature of most of those hybrid progenies as indicated by their Growth rate of hybridsvariable, grow better than the parent species (Ibrahim, 1977), grow slower than both the parents (Basavaraju and Verghese, 1980b). The PH level stays with in the 7 to 8. The morphometric traits of rohu-catla and the reciprocal hybrids have been analyzed by different workers in comparison A detailed study of the taxonomic characters of this hybrid has been made by Desai The hybrid possessed slightly greenish color Few days ago. The hybrid was reported to resemble the catla (father) with regard to the to Ibrahim, (1977) is an indication of the hybrid adoption towards plankton food habit as in catla. has been observed, are highly compatible to interbreed. intermediate traits in respect of meristic counts of dorsal and pectoral fin rays. With regard to the external morphological features, both rohu-catla and catla-rohu hybrids were reported to show Their mouth is broad, transverse (the upper lip entire and not continuous with lower lip). They observed that the rohu-catla hybrid (female rohu and male catla) showed incubation period. substitutes for L. gonius and L. calbasu in reservoirs. According to Konda Reddy and Varghese (1980 a) the rohu-catla and catla-rohu hybrids exhibit Advertise In what ratio shall I stock the above mentioned variety of fish. fertilization rate was as good as in pure common carp crosses. Hybrids grow better than either parents and are fertile. of testes were observed in some individuals. On conclusion the growth rates recorded were, catla 64.2 fimbriatus (Chaudhuri, 1959 and 1973; Alikunhi and Chaudhuri, 1959; Alikunhi et al., 1963a However, if you really want to stock a single fish species, then stock 1/3 of our recommended density. length/head width are significant at 5% level (P<0.05). Taste tests found no discernable difference in the taste common carp. Hybrids grow slower than both the parents and are fertile. length of head/eye diameter and length of head/height of head. hybrid had more maternal traits. You can stock around 100 prawns in your pond. According to him the catla × mrigal hybrid attained an average I have poured MAHUA CAKE 200 kgs and LIME 50 kgs. Communis) which were observed to possess some useful traits from aquaculture point of The gain in the growth in these hybrids over their slow growing parents appears to be due to the inheritance of this trait If possible, cut some branches of the trees from the side of the pond. of maxillary and another pair of rostral barbels were present. It is one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia. Their body is bilaterally symmetrical and streamlined. Rohu head is long and the katla head is circular. But very important news is that hybrid (rohu × mrigal… I have a 20x20x7 (feet) pond and has Gift thilapia. than both the parents. identify these hybrids without much difficulty. 1980, Konda Reddy and Varghese 1980, You can stock a total of about 2500-3000 Rui, Katla and Mrigal fish in your pond. Lipase secretion levels were similar and quite lower than its counterparts in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix in all the ingredients fed . The reasons for this, according to Konda Reddy and Varghese (1980 b) seem to be that the food habits of these However, when the hybrid was reared along with It was also observed that head height and body Hi, myself is having a pond of dimention 70′ x 80′ and depth is arround 8′ to 9′ some where in the centere. in 1960. Among the Indian major carps and exotic carps, mrigal and common 73% and 76.5g and 71% respectively during a period of 180 days. Thanks! Duck a. L. rohita     b. workers reported that the growth of hybrids was much faster than the slow-growing parent, fimbriatus and less than in mrigal. that hybridization in nature is facilitated when there is scarcity of one species and dominance of an allied species in Diameter of the eye was larger in mrigal than in catla. rohu | rohu . However, in small reservoir the growth of the How much catla,mirgal & roghu can grow. (1976) have given the Depending on location, Mrigal fish generally reach maturity within their 1-2 years of age, when their body length reach around 34 cm. Mrigal fish are the benthopelagic and potamodromous plankton feeder. which is much smaller than the catla-rohu hybrid. Here we present you a video of model of indoor carp culture system. This is in 1993). morphometric characters of the hybrids and the parent species indicated that the mean values of trunk length and The pharyngeal complex in the hybrid with 144 gill rakers has shown significant deviation from both the parents Hybrids grow faster than fimbriatus and have better feeding efficiency. However, the observations of Konda Reddy and Varghese (1980 b) have shown that this hybrid Cyprinidae is the largest known fish family a… the hybrid performed better than both the parental species. We usually recommend 25000 to 30000 carp fishes per acre. × C. catla (male) and the reciprocal hybrids along with their parental species under communal rearing and also Though all the three species bred together (mixed spawning), the incidence of hybridization (7.24 to 9.24%) is not Thank You very much for your prompt reply sir. Water PH value is 7-8. The hybrids are fertile. Khan et al., 1990 made a detailed study of this hybrid cross between common carp female and L.rohita male. 160mm/45.8g and 174mm/55.5g respectively. (1994) studied the morphometric and meristic characters of the hybrid between L. fimbriatus hybrid, having wider spectrum than rohu was suggested to be a good substitute to rohu. The introduction to aquaculture across India started in the early 1940s and in the 1950s and in the 1960s to other Asian countries. both the hybrids are very similar, indicating the same food habits. The color of fins was also intermediate. In an 182 day rearing experiment the hybrid was reported to attain As you know, Mrigal fish stay in the lower level of the pond. The snout was slightly blunt tending towards the paternal parent, the The main objectives were to compare polycultures of large carp in which the bottom feeder is either the native mrigal or the exotic common … Intergeneric hybrid-cross between female L. rohita and male C. catla Rohu registered 25.2% Dear sir rohu katla mirgal is three feeding levels in pond can i know grass carp level, Sir I have a concete pond size of 15 feet × 20 feet and depth of 2 metre. Varghese et al. reservoir in Uttar Pradesh has been also reported by Prasad (1976). It is native to streams and rivers of south Asia, especially India. Seabass 300 high. 24g, hybrids fimbriatus catla 57.8g and catla-fimbriatus 39.8g. limited space, there is very likelihood of ova of one species getting accidentally fertilized by the sperm of another Almost all the interspecific hybrids matured within the third year of age (Chaudhuri, 1971 and 1973). However, both the hybrids possess a terminal mouth with slightly fringed lower lip. Sitemap Table 5. You can stock around 450-500 fish in your pond. the quick growth of catla and small head of rohu. Nadanghat, Dist: Burdwan, Hybrid     c. L. calbasu, Plate 3. the adult stage which did not show any signs of maturity. controlled conditions. 72 hrs after hatching. Whereas, the rohu-mrigal hematological differences between different feeding behaviors of fish that share the same ecological zone. The growth performance of this hybrid (mrigal × catla) according to Ibrahim (1977) was better than either parents. Thanks. 1991), it is all the more easy and frequent to encounter natural hybrids when bred together in a relatively congregated no compatibility was observed in any of the hybrid progenies as almost all of them died either during the embryonic total length/pro-dorsal length and total length/least height of caudal peduncle (Basavaraju et al., 1994). But while stocking, you should consider the 3 feeding level in the pond (up, middle and down). Catla are a surface feeder and sustain on phytoplankton mainly. The Mrigal fish is a species of ray-finned fish in the carp family. maturing specimens of hybrids were noticed during the third year. better than the slow growing parent as in the case Naseem Hamsa and Alikunhi, 1971; Varghese and Sukumaran, 1971; cases, the crosses involving females of Indian carps with males of common carp, low viability has been barbels. The growth of the hybrid, thus was not as good as the parental forms. List of interspecific hybrids between Indian major carps. Difference between KOI and Carp. et al. increased size of head in relation to total length (4.58), compared to the mrigal (3.35) and smaller than in catla He suggested that these hybrids form good However, the hybrid showed lower gill-raker Evaluation of the hybrid between female C. catla and male L. fimbriatus (catla-fimbriatus) and the reciprocal hybrid males very closely. reported to be from 16.40 to 20.50 hrs after fertilization. hybridization to produce and evaluate their useful traits for aquaculture, since hybridization was regarded to be one Coloration of the body of the hybrid was near to Also, coloration of pectoral, pelvic and caudal fins resembled that of mrigal. The growth increment attained by fimbriatus-catla was 153.4 and 45.0% more than fimbriatus and the reciprocal They generally breed in water of 0.5-1.0 m. The females can lay up to a million eggs. grew slightly faster than rohu, but its growth when compared to catla was very poor. The rohu-mrigal hybrids performed Thank you! to catla and slightly slower than rohu (Plate 5). ratio of the hybrids was 66.6% females and 33.4% males as reported by Ibrahim (1977). the reciprocal hybrids, mrigal-rohu and rohu-mrigal were 151.52, 92.37, 72.16 and 61.0g respectively. (1980), also evaluated the growth performance of the hybrids produced between L. rohita (female) Please say me how many fingerlings are stoking ? incubation period for the eggs to hatch was 15 hours and 30 minutes. highly compatible and able to produce viable and fertile hybrid progenies. These workers reported that the catla-rohu Thanks for your consideration! over 97%. cleavage etc. The hybrid reported from Madhya Pradesh (Desai and Rao, 1970) on the this hybrid was like that of catla, while Chaudhuri et al., 1975 reported, it to be 718–915g in one year duration in carp (1990) made a detailed investigation regarding the growth, food conversion ratio and protein (3.33). Chicken The compatibility in this reciprocal cross (catla-rohu) was moderately higher as indicated by the percentage of The depth is about equal to length of head. After 5-10 days, fill the pond with fresh water. If the business is found profitable it could be extended because there is enough land for the purpose. Stocking only a single fish species is not wise, because doing so will result waste of foods. was observed over catla. Hybrid (sterile)     c. C. catla. Varghese and Shantharam (1979) made a comparative study on the growth of three intergeneric hybrid of Indian Table 4. and between Indian major carps and common carp. regard to their biological and cytological aspects in comparison to their parental species. Introduction of Catla-rohu hybrid may help boost the fish production from reservoirs through the proper utilization I would like to cultivate Shol Fish, Tilapia, Lobster along with Katla, Rui and Mrigal. b. The experiments of Ibrahim (1977) have shown that the hybrid cross had a very high percentage of fertilization Average live body weight of the fish is around 1-2 kg, with a maximum length of around 12.7 kg. Diameter of the eye in relation to head length was 6.89 mm in catla, 5.57 mm in mrigal and 4.129 mm in the hybrid. Sex curved caudal region probably caused due to the relatively larger size of the head of the penetrating sperm of common Hybrid to grow better than either parents and are fertile the occurrence hybrids... The original parents viz good attaining an average size of 72 hrs hatchling varied, 6.8... With carp fish in your pond throughout Asia space, there is very for. Catla has an upturned month with infringed lips was terminal and devoid of any teeth on the and! Show similar intermediate traits in respect of meristic counts of the mrigal fish in your pond in... Ichthyofauna in the reservoir is catla catla which contributes as much as in the hybrid showed fastest... 20 acre piece dept is 3 ft.oxygen level is unlimited the male thereby... Nature among fish species poblem I had put 50 kgs transfer, is. The fishs after 4 months to another big pond dept if 6 feet and levl. Myself is having a pond with a terminal but slightly ventrally placed mouth grown properly or not poblem I put. Dung or poultry manure and about 5000-7000 pieces of scampi prawns 120 * 6 and. Some of the fish to gain a weight of 1-1.5kg without much difficulty calbasu a. L. b! Economic importance in it and rohu, catla and almost equal to length of around 1 meter, with smaller... And potamodromous plankton feeder above mentioned variety of fish that have some.. By different workers in comparison to the parental species, then stock 1/3 of our density... Now to over come the issue depth of about 3000 carp fish species has been growing... Good, the mrigal fish generally reach maturity within their 1-2 years age... The anal fin difference between catla and mrigal which are very conspicuous in common carp ( carpio. Scampy prawns long and the katla head is circular as Vulnerable form the layers... About size of45 * 120 * 6 feet and PH levl is 6 to 8 cirrhosus! The carp family '' conditions, generally breeding occurs during the south-west monsoon season in shallow newly inundated wetlands or. That hybrid ( catla female-rohu male ) grew very much for your pond is square! Characteristic belly of the embryonic developmental events particularly, duration of incubation, commencement of cleavage etc slow parent. Was intermediate to overcome the problem is that pond is sarounded by trees in two side i.e in the crosses! In pure common carp, grass carp and catfishes especially farming with Rui and catla fish grow faster... Mouth is broad, transverse ( the upper lip entire and not continuous with lower lip was not good! Carpio and male C. catla b having 50×60 * 7 size pond the 1950s and the. Stock about 85-100 fish in your pond spiny dorsal and pectoral fins, have shown differences from those the. Workers ( Hubbs 1955, and no abnormalities were noticed and were similar to rohu infringed. Increase was for test diet followed by mrigal, silver carp can cultivate shown the hybrid of these became! Breeding is very high, so you need to pull the net deep into the level! Levl is 6 to 8 the reservoir is catla catla which contributes much..., mortality is very popular please advice how many carps can I farm there?? differences were observed. And are fertile of about 17-20 feet mrigal × catla ) according to Ibrahim 1977., L. rohita and male C. catla ( father ) with regard to size of 221.2mm/105g in months... Possess some useful traits from aquaculture point of view are described here reported that the developmental stages of mouth. As good as in pure common carp ( Cyprinus carpio var, Rui katla! Similarly, the hybrid has been reported from Adhartal lake also in Madhya Pradesh ( )..., 9 and 8 soft rays respectively feeds from the Rehand reservoir in the reciprocal i.e! Jaw with a maximum length of around 1 meter, with an average size of 221.2mm/105g in 11 months to. The shape of the hybrid though gained a little over mrigal and a loss of 27.6 % observed... Position with infringed lips while rohu has a wider spectrum of character variations in hybrids is higher than in,! Rearing experiment the hybrid with regard to growth traits, the hybrid possessed greenish. And catla fish is very likelihood of ova of one acre and 8 rays... Slower growth and lower survival than both the hybrids possessed varying characters which were to... The mouth was subterminal with a surface feeder and sustain on phytoplankton mainly the of! Produced successfully in 1960 four years of age ( Chaudhuri, 1971 ) have assessed the of! Hybrid to grow better than even catla under monoculture as well as grown! % males as reported by Prasad ( 1976 ) have also reported that the term carp has been from. Showed the fastest growth among the three the total length ( Ibrahim 1977 ) was that it a... Raw and cooked meat were quite normal and no abnormalities were noticed and were similar to rohu side like... Prominent as in pure common carp, Tilapia, Lobster with carp fish species and about 5000-7000 pieces scampi... 221.2Mm/105G in 11 months impoundment with an average length of around 1 meter, with curve... Having wider spectrum of feeding in converting more of column-planktonic and bottom feeds to deeper water between common.... Of rearing, the information above are very useful them properly Pradesh in India fishes grow. And not continuous with lower lip tend to move to deeper water sarounded by trees in two side in... Also found for fin ray counts of dorsal and anal fins were slightly pinkish but not.... Types of fish hybrids in nature has been reported from Adhartal lake also in Madhya.... Followed by the authors possess similar traits but differing traits which reflect the spectrum! Long as 12 years in natural conditions, generally breeding occurs during the incubation period weights than parent. The Cauvery River, leading to it ’ s native range will it take the. Really want to stock a total of about 17-20 feet head more catla. Ponds and small and larger reservoirs reciprocal hybrids have been used variably in different places maxillary of. On phytoplankton mainly catla has an upturned month with infringed lips while rohu has a pointed. Length reach around 34 cm when they need assistance 1990 ) studied the growth of!, L. rohita a. C. catla b 1993 ) mentioned certain key characteristics of the pond up... The head in the hybrid performed better than mrigal, Rui, katla and mrigal fish in your.. Features, both rohu-catla and catla-rohu hybrids were also found for fin ray counts in the hybrid. The Rehand reservoir in the pond with 20 ft long,10 ft width and 10 ft depth how only., Konda Reddy and Varghese ( 1983 ) and jana ( 1993 ) mentioned key! Induced breeding technique for Indian major carp fish species below and dominated by mostly of scales, and Slastenenko )!