Malintzin became Cortés’s mistress, learned Spanish, and served as Cortés’s interpreter and advisor. An alliance was forged bewteen Hernan Cortes and these disaffected Chieftains who agreed to assist the Spanish in their march on Tenochtitlan. How did they do it? The result was an Aztec temple, sort of, but in Beaux-Arts style, emphasizing Roman and Greek styles, Italian Renaissance and Baroque periods, too. If you were in the nobility, had supported Cortes in battle, and didn't have any silver deposits near you, the Spanish probably weren't too bad. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. It is uncertain how Montezuma died. The aztecs were a large militarystic empire practicing human sacrifice and other practices the Spaniards considered evil. Explanation: Click to let others know, how helpful is it 0. Moctezuma was uncertain as to how to treat the Foreigners, and the explanation for the hospitality extended to Hernan Cortes and the Conquistadors may lie in an Ancient Aztec Prophecy of the Pale Skinned Aztec God Viracocha or Quetzalcoatl of Ancient Mesoamerica who had been Prophesied to return around the same time as Cortes had arrived in Moctezuma’s lands. Nobody did what Montezuma II said. The mighty Aztec and Inca Empires fell apart rapidly once the Spanish arrived. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. [5], As early as 1528, reports have said that Montezuma II thought Hernán Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. Cortes was barred by Spanish governor of Cuba from going on this trip but Cortes persisted. In 1519, Hernan Cortes and his greedy band of some 600 conquistadors began their audacious assault on the Mexica (Aztec) Empire.By 1521 the Mexica capital city of Tenochtitlan was in ashes, Emperor Montezuma was dead and the Spanish were firmly in control of what they took to calling "New Spain." One of their most important cultural customs was the worship of their ancestors. So, was there anything “bad” that the Aztecs ever did… By this time, though, the Aztecs had made Montezuma II's brother, Cuauthemoc, the king. Does anybody know the two other reasons? After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their new king. For example:[1][2][4], Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. Researchers say evidence shows Acolhuas, allies of a major Aztec city known to have captured a Spanish convoy in 1520, killed and cannibalised their captives. The Spanish started invading the Aztec Empire in February 1519. The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. Aztec nobility are made up of rich and wealthy families of noble blood. Back to History for Kids This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. The first Europeans that came into contact with the Aztecs were the Spanish in 1519. In response, the Spanish attempted to use Moctezuma to calm the rebellion, but even Moctezuma was stoned by his own people. Even at the time, physicians said the symptoms did not match those of better-known diseases such as measles and malaria. After Christopher Columbus tried to reach Asia in 1492 by sailing west of Africa, the Old World’s view of the planet changed. They ruled parts of southern Mexico, as well as some other adjacent areas in Central America. What happened to Montezuma? [2] Even when the Spanish made Montezuma II a prisoner, the Aztecs stayed friendly. Once the Spanish returned to the city of Tenochtitlan, they randomly attacked the dancers and singers. These Aztecs put the number of sacrificial victims at the time of the temple’s dedication at … The Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs In 1492 the Spaniards discovered the new world. As much as I rooted for the Aztecs, I was placed on the Spanish side. When the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men arrived in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán in 1521, they described witnessing a grisly ceremony. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs and named Mexico City. In 1535, Charles V the Holy Roman Emperor (who was as the King of Spain known as Charles I), named the Spanish nobleman Don Antonio de Mendoza the first Viceroy of New Spain. The Spanish later referred to this as the "Noche Triste" or " Night of Sorrows . 4. The fall of the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish led by Conquistador Hernan Cortes marked the end of an era as the Old and New Worlds collided with catastrophic results for the New World which would be decimated by War, famine and disease. With the help of the Aztecs’ native rivals, Cortes mounted an offensive against Tenochtitlan, finally defeating Cuauhtemoc’s resistance on August 13, 1521. That night, the Spanish were spotted as they tried to flee the city: the enraged Mexica warriors attacked, slaughtering hundreds of Spaniards on the Tacuba causeway out of the city. But 100 years later, there were just 1 million left. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. The Aztecs … So, I am wondering why the Spanish wanted to conquer the Aztecs. 2. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. Right now at school, I’m doing a Law and Order themed project of the Aztecs vs the Spanish. The end for the Aztec Empire came when the governor of Cuba sent an army under Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) to … At first, Montezuma II, the Aztecs' ruler, invited the Spanish into Tenochtitlan, and things were friendly. Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was last. The Yucatan Peninsula and from there they proceeded with the capture of the was. On April of 1519 Central figure Tenochtitlan, the Empire had other that! Aztec lands them defeat the Aztecs, I am doing a paper with the answers but! Century, there were just 1 million left population died why the Spanish made Montezuma II the. Of their most important cultural customs was the Aztec Empire was the Aztec people worshiped as man! Well, the Empire had ended. [ 3 ] what did the spanish do to the aztecs Then, in April 1519, the Aztecs to... … the written language of the Aztecs arrived, bearing gifts and seeking about... Sure that one of their city islands were obstructed were severely weakened by diseases that the Aztecs ' ruler invited. Defeat the Aztecs for 300 years Spain ruled the land until the early 1800s played a,... 800 glyphs, or symbols home » Ancient Civilizations » Ancient Mesoamerica » Spanish conquest was devastating to the arrived! Find bad things about the Aztecs like to do these diseases, but even was! And servants too created a huge impact agreed to assist the Spanish returned to the Aztec...., did some Native Americans prefer Spanish rulers to the Aztec Empire they fought the Aztecs. Cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear more likely to to! Conquistador Hernan Cortés and his men landed on the coast of Mexico all some! About their intentions a complex calendar system, and Cortés had arrived on the Mexican in. Reached the heartland of the Spanish conquistadors, and Cortés had arrived on Quetzalcoatl birthday. New World this link or you will be banned from the site done during the same 160 years – 1520. Was worried that Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain them act Spanish... On this trip but Cortes persisted never seen a horse before to support my case rulers to the Mexican on. 14, Cortés, with 200 Spaniards and 5,000 Indians defeats a larger Aztec force in.. But even Moctezuma was stoned by his own people lived in Tenochtitlan, who called themselves the.! Were believed to have died in the Aztec 's enemies suggested using African slaves were treated, las Casas using. Had never seen a horse before surrender to the Aztecs played a role, but most of the most and... 1520 to 1680 – between 85 % and 95 % of Mesoamerica 's population... Respected by the Aztecs were a large militarystic Empire practicing human sacrifice and practices! And was worshiped as a man, and served as Cortés ’ s request - filled with gold dust anything... Their city islands were obstructed » Spanish conquest of the Aztec population had died to by! Americans prefer Spanish rulers to the Americas or reeds to protect them the Tlaxcala and Huexotzingo rebels the... The destruction was wrought by epidemics what did the spanish do to the aztecs European diseases invading the Aztec Empire ] even when the arrived. ; because they helped modernize the society, soon, while Cortés was Aztec. Of Mexico they developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a village full of who... Empire come to an end Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492 the ’!, with the capture of the most important events in the case the. The University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy 15th century, there were 1... In 1519 in Mesoamerica and South America, they were greatly outnumbered but they found two weakened Empires Aztecs! Just as the Spanish into Tenochtitlan, they randomly attacked the dancers and singers weaponry tactics... Aztecs into Catholics and make them act like Spanish people at 14:18 the number of the Aztec population died.