(The owners of MAL Zrt. That environmental disaster, which received far less media attention than Hungary’s red-mud spill, left 2.5 million people temporarily without safe drinking water. DNA was also successfully sampled from the skeletons of 4 Hungarians who lived in the 10th century. Britain: foreign aid – the smiling face of imperialism. But it had burst, and a million cubic metres of the slime was rushing toward Devecser, with waves of up to two metres. As a by-product of aluminium smelting it is the result of bauxite being treated with a strong caustic substance to extract its aluminium content. (MAL) has contractual obligations to carry out. Case study: the red mud of Hungary In October 2010, a large river of toxic red mud flowed through areas of Hungary. ÁNTSZ (The State Public Health Authority) announced on 5th October that the mud is not toxic. However, their statement, that the legal limits set down in 2009 were not reached, is based on somewhat questionable data from a 1987 measurement. The red mud accident of October 4, 2010, in Ajka (Hungary) contaminated a vast area with caustic, saline red mud (pH 12) that contains several toxic trace metals above soil limits. Baseball rubbing mud is mud used to treat balls in the sport of baseball to give pitchers better control and a firmer grip on the balls. Hungarian people are actually followers of the ancient people living in the area for thousands of years before Magyars conquered Panonia. The toxic waste — with cyanide levels 400 times the maximum normal amount — … If anybody happens to catch me in the act of harvesting mud, I come up with a story to give them a reason I'm putting mud in a bucket. The disaster happened when weeks of heavy rain caused a dam to collapse at a containment facility in Ajka in Western Hungary. Photo: Ádám Marácz It is undeniable that beyond the human tragedy and the complete obliteration of dozens of households and whole villages what we have here is the complete extinction of life in the Torna stream and the river Marcal and even the MTA stated that “the agricultural area around the reservoir had suffered such harm that even with a complete removal and replacement of the soil it will not be usable for agriculture for a considerable time, if ever.” While the dumping of acids, gypsum and nitrates saved the life of the rivers Rába and Danube, we are still unsure of the long term affect of these substances on wildlife. But it was made not just by any man, but a capitalist industrialist, who cared for his own billions and his shareholders’ profits more than the life and health of people and the environment. There is a heartfelt sympathy going out to the victims of this disaster from all around the world, backed up by donations made by ordinary people the world over. "Secondly my concern was to use locally-available sources of energy. Most Hungarians look different from each other. Capitalism breeds this evil because it is based on the profit motive which overrides all other considerations and because it is the rule of the unaccountable few over the disenfranchised many. This imparts slipperiness. You murder and covet and cannot obtain. What remains is this red sludge with a high and very caustic pH value as well as other toxic materials, like heavy metals. Moisture is held in the ring structures. The sludge, which contains a mix of metal oxides, is … XXI CONGRESSO DI SINISTRA CLASSE RIVOLUZIONE – È un momento eccezionale per essere dei rivoluzionari! Photograph: Zsolt Szigetvary/EPA. Tulane University explains they are 2D 6-member ring sheet silicates called phyllosilicates. It pointed out that the approximately 30 million tons of this material is long overdue for neutralisation and its containers/reservoirs for recultivation. The after effects of the 2010 red mud spill that threatened to poison great swathes of the Hungarian countryside have turned out to be far less harmful than scientists originally feared. Soils in much of Georgia, particularly the Southern Piedmont region of North Georgia, developed in materials weathered primarily from granite and gneiss. It is a complete liability.” I did a quick check. Clays include the kaolinite of red ultisol and are usually made up of complex silicate minerals. However, there is no information available about the clear up operation which The Magyar Aluminiumtermelõ és Kereskedelmi Zrt. It's healthier than the stuff you can buy at Tesco. Some interesting findings of Hungarian experts: Today’s Hungarian genes, by B. Csányi, E. Bogácsi-Szabó, Gy. You can now choose to mix and apply these yummy de-saturated hues (we won’t call them “mud” anymore), when you want them in your work. The old adage of “It’s not what you know but who you know that matters!” was the guiding principle of the early and mid-1990’s privatisation wave. But there is something that if I have to generalize I would say that most women are beautiful and men are good looking.And where is all this mixture coming from? As you can see in this link the holding ponds are only a short distance from the town of Kolontal, the town that suffered a 6-8ft wave of red mud sludge that … On 4 October 2010, at 12:25 CEST, the northwestern corner of the dam of reservoir number 10 collapsed, freeing approximately one million cubic metres of liquid waste from red mud lakes. "For me it's very important to use a clean source of heating energy here," says Támas. Tamas doesn't think so. One of the news channels reported after 4th October that it was less than two months ago that the reservoir received a completely clean bill of health in an inspection, but all Hungarians I discussed this with just smiled and shrugged their shoulders at this news. In those few cases where these clauses were included, nobody since then cared about or enforced its provisions. One thing is sure: since the fall of Stalinism nobody had tried to solve or make the new owners to solve the problem represented by this red mud. It may be that the state authorities are too weak and don’t care or – more likely – there is collusion of a political nature through corruption and personal commercial interest. It is still as caustic as it left the production process through pipes to be stored in the open. The mud was released as a 1–2 m wave, flooding several nearby … Before the use of rubbing mud, baseballs were rubbed in a mixture of water and infield soil, but this method usually discolored the ball's leather surface. "The mayor is superhuman," says Jennervé Pál Szilvia, director of a local kindergarten. Champagne had flowed. Only the bricks used to build the houses weren't sourced locally, a blot that clearly irks Tamás: a local brickmaker, whose factory billows beyond the new-builds, couldn't make bricks for Devecser's biting winter. Delaware River, the general vicinity of the source of baseball rubbing mud. ; In Sumerian mythology, the gods Enki or Enlil create a servant of the gods, humankind, out of clay and blood (see Enki and the Making of Man).In another Sumerian story, both Enki and Ninmah create humans from the clay of the Abzu, the fresh water of the underground. We will get back to you as soon as possible. [] Yet you do not have because you do not ask3 You ask and do not receive, () because you ask amiss, that you may spend it on your pleasures. China: SOE bond defaults show turbulent days ahead, British capitalism’s ‘systemic crisis’: social explosion brewing, Support the “Bharat Bandh” or country wide shut down called by farmer organizations. The ballpoint pen is among the most important Hungarian inventions thanks to a journalist, László Bíró who wanted to create a pen that was easier to use than fountain pens, so he created the first ballpoint pen in 1930. This contrasts markedly with measurements recently taken by Greenpeace, which have found carcinogenic quantities of arsenic, chromium and the nerve poison mercury in a sample taken in Kolontár. Although the circumstances sur- Zsolt Szegfalvi, Greenpeace Hungary’s spokesman asked: “Why was it left to Greenpeace to reveal and make public the levels of toxins in the red mud?” He called upon the government to reveal every bit of information that would truthfully inform the public how serious is this spill. But just hours later, on 4 October 2010, his phone was buzzing with messages from frightened locals. Why red was chosen to mark debt isn't clear. "There's a long way to come before we can be a model of sustainability," says Tamás "But we need to start somewhere. The mudflow was two metres high and covered an area 40 sq km. According to Benedek Jávor, president of the Environmental Committee of the Hungarian Parliament, the MTA has not even tested the mud for toxic arsenic and mercury and then denied that there were any toxic heavy metals in there. Do they not come from your desires for pleasure () that war in your members? The red dust has gone, but concern shifted to the mix of hazardous and non-hazardous waste that is being used to cover the sludge. The Clean Air Working Party’s warnings have so far remained unanswered by the authorities. Corruption has its role to play there as well, as an envelope in the pocket will make sure that the inspector will not look too closely at anything and this way all is safe and according to the law. A toxic spill of red sludge has cascaded through dozens of villages in Hungary, killing seven and injuring scores. The only social and economic system that will make sure that your village, your town, your house or flat, your place of work and your entire country is safe is socialism based on workers’ democracy. ", Devecser, an environmental disaster zone in 2010, reinvents itself as a hub for sustainable energy, Red toxic mud from the sludge reservoir of the Ajka aluminium works flooded Devecser and other towns and villages in Hungary, killing 10 people and inuring many more on 5 October 2010. There was a dam – six metre-high, a couple of miles away, that held back a reservoir of deadly "red mud", a caustic byproduct of aluminium extraction. Red toxic mud from the sludge reservoir of the Ajka aluminium works flooded Devecser and other towns and villages in Hungary, killing 10 people and inuring many more on … Then we can make it certain that all our public institutions use local produce. The ’red sludge disaster’ occurred on 4 October 2010, when a waste storage reservoir retaining wall collapsed, releasing 1.9 million m 3 of a by-product from the conversion of bauxite into alumina (Al 2 O 3). Three years later, Tamás is standing atop Devecser's parish hall looking out on a new park marking the ruined area. Zoltan Illes, Hungary’s state secretary for the environment, did not exclude the possibility the state may eventually take over MAL. Another interesting feature of this crisis has been governmental attitudes which show a demand for strict punishment of those responsible, while calling on the population to pray and donate freely. The "red mud disaster" claimed 10 lives, 150 were seriously injured. This investigation relates to mud flood in Ajka, Hungary, or more specifically to the formation, properties and accumulation of the red mud In October 2010, Hungary witnessed a major industrial disaster when the reservoir wall of the Ajka red mud depository failed, spilling 1 million m 3 of highly caustic bauxite residue. Despite the closeness in form and colour, there's no connection between the phrases 'in the red' and 'in the pink'. A tide of toxic red mud burst through the walls of a giant storage reservoir at the Ajkai Timfoldgyar alumina refinery on the outskirts of Akja, a small town in the county of Veszprem, Hungary … Overnight the world has woken up to intimate knowledge of the process of extracting aluminium from bauxite and its by-product the red mud, which devastated several villages, including Kolontár and Devecser, in the SouthWest of Hungary on Monday, 4th October 2010, bringing with it a long term threat of environmental pollution in several countries. Toxic Red Sludge Spill From Hungarian Aluminum Plant 'An Ecological Disaster' : The Two-Way The material can cause burns and eye irritation, and if it is ingested, it can cause internal damage. Red soils in Georgia result from the affect of a warm, humid climate weathering acid crystalline rocks on rolling hills over a long period of time. Venezuela, elezioni dell’Assemblea Nazionale – Ingerenza imperialista e bassa affluenza alle urne, A “crise sistêmica” do capitalismo britânico: explosão social em fermentação, Guatemala: Un análisis general de las manifestaciones del 21N, Solidaridad del Partido de los Trabajadores Socialistas (PTS-FITU) con la lucha por la aparición íntegra de Amar Fayaz. No way! Toldi Tamás was nursing a hangover when a wave of toxic sludge hit his family home. When everybody is a ruler, nobody is a ruler. Outdoor storage carries a danger of its dried up dust travelling on the wind and harming humans, even without a catastrophe, like the one at Kolontár on 4th October 2010. He also demanded that the government forces MAL Zrt. An industrial accident at a caustic waste reservoir chain took place at the Ajkai Timföldgyár alumina plant in Ajka, Veszprém County, in western Hungary. I've told people I use it in my garden, I use it for my rose bushes, I use it for bee stings and poison ivy and any kind of story. The muddy color did not just appear and become a source of angst. “And you might be having purple hair for many days. 2 You lust and do not have. This website uses cookies, you can find out more and set your preferences here.By continuing to use this website, you agree to our Privacy Policy. With the excuse of the need for modernisation valuable state assets were wholesale stripped and passed on to those close to the powerful up on high. From an environmental disaster zone, Devecser has become a model town for sustainable energy. and its billionaire owners to compensate fully all the victims for all their losses and pay for the entire cleanup operation from their profits. The new development, designed for free by the late Hungarian architect Imre Makovecz, was part of a disaster relief that cost Victor Orbán's national government some 127bn Hungarian Forints. Can you imagine a committee of workers, consumers and locals running this aluminium factory allowing its waste storage to be this dangerous? In 2010, an earthen dam at one waste pond in Hungary gave way, unleashing a 2-meter-high wall of red mud that buried the town of Ajka, killing … Looking at the pictures and the now slowly appearing analysis data of the red mud, there is no doubt this sludge has not been cleaned up. "There is no dam," he told one caller. Photograph: Balazs Mohai/AP, A girl plays on a swing next to the newly built ecumenical chapel, designed by late Hungarian architect Imre Makovecz, in the eco housing estate built after the Ajka alumina plant accident in Devecser, Hungary. Geothermal energy – which makes use of heat in the Earth – has been put to use heating a bus terminus that throngs with locals at rush-hour. The scourge of red mud burst into the public’s eye in October 2010 when a settling pond in Hungary ruptured. The mud is highly basic with a pH ranging from 10 to 13. The value of 11.8 pH from 1987 is drastically inaccurate considering the measurement taken since 4th October 2010 in Kolontár of 13.5pH. Hungarian red mud spill did little long-term damage. Within minutes the town was overcome: cars washed down streets and residents lay stricken on the roofs of their ruined homes. Pro Pitchers' Dirty Secret Rubbed On Every Ball Without a little mud, pitchers in the pro leagues wouldn't be able to put enough topspin on their pitches. The new owners bought out the old state owned factories and production plants, which were and still are highly profitable, for a fraction of their real value. Next to it is a 30-hectare poplar copse whose trees are used to heat 87 homes built just eight months after the disaster. The European Commission, the executive arm of … ", This year the town is installing a solar vegetable dehydration plant, which will help spur demand for local produce even further. Gergely Simon, in his article on magyardiplo.hu asserts that environmentalists in Hungary and elsewhere have been busy over several years pointing out the dangers of this substance and especially the way it is stored in Hungary. The red mud flood in Ajka, Hungary. Illustration: Pixabay. 4 Where do [] wars and fights come from among you? Pride Promotes Strife. 100 Hungarian people from Hungary and 97 Hungarian-speaking Szekler people from Transylvania in present-day Romania were genetically tested. Плівки Порошенка: що переговори з Байденом і Путіним кажуть нам про імперіалізм в Україні? If you ask me how Hungarian people look like, it would be hard for me to find a stereotype to describe them. The web of corruption already existing made sure that no binding clauses were put in contracts relating to modernising, making safe or upgrading of any industry sold for very little with the excuse of being outdated. (The pH scale is exponential, so a value of 9pH is 10 times more caustic than 8pH!). If there are really heavy metals in the mud they can be dissolved by the acids dumped in the water and pollute both the soil and the river downstream. Air photo of the broken dam by DigitalGlobe. No, no and again NO! Hungary is estimated to produce 6-700 thousand tons a year. “It means nothing!” said one of them, “We have those in my factory but accidents are still frequent due to unsafe equipment and even more unsafe working practices”. You fight and [] war. According to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA) there are no toxic heavy metals in the mud. On their web site you can find the results of both tests, listing double the arsenic levels usual for this type of by-product, which means that there has been an estimated 50 tons of arsenic released by the inundation. Photograph: Tomas Benedikovic/isifa/Getty Images, An aerial view of the broken dyke of a reservoir containing red sludge from aluminium factory is seen near Ajka on 8 October 2010. For every ton of aluminium there will be 2 tons of red mud. History. The exact content of the red flood that killed seven and injured nearly 150 people, inundating several villages over more than a thousand hectares (2500 acres) on the 4th October, is still not clear. They kept mentioning a dam. So production of the red mud goes on unhindered with its method of storage unchanged. Overnight the world has woken up to intimate knowledge of the process of extracting aluminium from bauxite and its by-product the red mud, which devastated several villages, including Kolontár and Devecser, in the SouthWest of Hungary on Monday, 4th October 2010, bringing with it a long term threat of environmental pollution in several countries. It's something Tamas, who worked seven days a week and slept just three hours each night for two years after the flood, registers with muted pride. A Hungarian citizen coming from a “yellow” or “red” country will be subjected to health checks at the border and must be quarantined for 10 days. Hungarian citizens and their relatives can enter Hungary from a “green” country without a health check. Another 180 will be built by 2017, adding 52m tons of capacity. The trade union movement was all but obliterated and is still at a very low level for an EU country. Photo: Ádám Marácz Greenpeace was scathing about the government and all authorities that have tried to belittle the dangers and kept the public in the dark with misinformation. They come from many different backgrounds, therefore they have different features. Air photo of the broken dam by DigitalGlobe. The red colour arises from iron oxides, which comprise up to 60% of the mass. 3 November 2014 by Tom Marshall. Due to weathering, the sheets are fragmented. On the 4th of October, 2010, hundreds of thousands cubic meters of toxic, virulent red mud poured out from the containment pond of the Hungarian Aluminium Production and Trade Company Ltd. next to the city of Ajka in Hungary. The quick rain last night between 11:30 p.m. and 1:30 a.m. originated from our southwest and as you can see from the map, there is a lot of desert dust down there! We shouldn't use natural gas from the Caucasus in a pipeline, but use the energy poplars or mulch, or local geothermal energy.". Red mud was characterized and its toxicity for plants was measured to evaluate the soil contamination risks. These countries included: Poland, North Korea, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and China. The night before he had won an election to become Devecser's third mayor since the fall of communism in Hungary. According to a 2003 estimate by The Clean Air Working Party “the storage and neutralising costs of this red mud are approximately 50-100 thousand Hungarian forints (200-400 Euros) per ton”. The levels of arsenic in the ditches around Kolontár showed 25 times the safe levels for drinking water. Greenpeace Hungary has actively assisted the analysis of the red mud by taking samples in Kolontár and sending it to the Bálint Analytical Institute in Budapest as well as to the Federal Environmental Office in Vienna for analysis. It is believed that the low price was in exchange for a promise to clean up the industry’s act by spending the billions necessary to make it environmentally safe. According to environmental consultants Ecoprog there are 2,200 waste-to-energy plants worldwide, with a disposal capacity of around 255m tons of waste per year. The Clean Air Working Party, an active environmental group, has been bombarding members of the Hungarian government since 2003 with its warnings. Get rid of him and the system he represents, and you will never need to donate a penny again to disaster funds! 'Burns and irritation' About 40%-45% of the waste is iron-oxide, which gives it the red colour. One thing is sure: those that got rich producing aluminium since 1995 in and around Ajka cannot make the surrounding population pay for the environmental harm their industry had done to them. It may be the use of red as a warning in other contexts, such as marking important dates as 'red letter days' on calendars. They readily slide across each other. In other parts of the world this mud is further utilised by extracting its valuable content, like its alkaline base to reuse in the production process. It can't be just any mud, either. India: countrywide lockdown by farmers – towards an indefinite general strike! Health and safety at work is practically non-existent, in spite of the millions of words in laws which are never enforced. His town is now at the forefront of a push for waste-to-energy systems. This obviously isn’t happening in Hungary as in the recent crisis US and Australian experts couldn’t understand the mud’s highly caustic nature as in their countries the same mud, having gone through 5-7 washes, is only slightly caustic. Ned Stafford/Hamburg, Germany Hungarian government officials commemorated the first anniversary of the country’s worst industrial accident yesterday. are well known for their closeness to certain political circles, one of them having had a joint venture in the past with Ferenc Gyurcsány, a former Prime Minister). The red colour of Uluru is due to the oxidation or the rusting of the iron-bearing minerals within the rock as it has sat there in the desert air for hundreds of thousands of years, said Dr Bradshaw. The difference is that you created them with intent in these charts. This was the surname of a Hungarian noble family who historically controlled the town. The Ajka red mud spill in western Hungary in October 2010 was the largest documented release of alumina industry by-products into the environment, with around 1 million m3 of red mud suspension breaching the failed depository wall [1]. But he is committed to his cause, and hopes his methods can bring back locals who left for cities during socialist industrialisation. This is understandable as the horrendous pictures of several villages, their people and their animals, struggling to survive the red flood appeared on the TV screens, in newspapers and on the Internet. Not all Hungarians are blond, or tall, or have certain common features. “The colors never come out of your clothes,” he said. In their statements to the foreign press, however, they seem to play down the seriousness of the crisis. An aerial photo taken on Oct. 8, 2010, shows the ruptured wall of a red sludge reservoir of the Ajkai Timfoldgyar plant in Kolontar, Hungary. More environmental damage was done by a huge spill of cyanide-containing wastewater from a gold processing plant in Baia Mare, Romania in 2000. In Greek mythology, according to Pseudo-Apollodorus, Prometheus molded men out of water and earth. The only way to safeguard the world from disasters of this kind is to rid it of the economic and political system that breeds this callous disregard for the health and well being of ordinary people. Utilization of red mud with the recovery of valuable metal contents Dr. Kozéky László Synpetrol Hungary Inc. 4 Detailed composition of the red mud continuously produced even nowadays in the alum earth production factory of MAL in Ajka (Hungary) is shown in Tables 3 and 4. An exception to this is if they can credibly show two negative coronavirus tests 48 hours apart in the previous 5 days. But should you and I pay for something that was caused by negligence, the pursuit of profit and a callous disregard for even the most elementary safety standards in an industry long recognised as a major polluter of land, air and water? The possibilities for utilization and processing of red mud These countries included: Poland, North Korea, East Germany, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and China. Hungary has 4 reservoirs in which to store this by-product of aluminium production, most of which is threatening populated areas and major rivers. The Hungarian aluminium industry was privatised in the mid-1990s. The statement by the owners of the aluminium works, stressing that the mud is not dangerous, is especially outrageous in the light of the many caustic burn injuries people have suffered and are currently in hospital being treated for. In addition to iron, the other dominant components include silica, unleached residual alumina, and titanium oxide. Hungary: workers and students fight together against Orbán, Hungary: major protests against “slave law”, Hungarian elections: Orbán's victory through fear, The Hungarian Soviet Republic of 1919 - The Forgotten Revolution, Hungary: Orbán's plebiscite falls flat as millions stay at home. BÁTHORY Hungarian Originally indicated a person from Bátor, a village in Hungary, which might be of Turkic origin meaning "hero". If you want more information about joining the IMT, fill in this form. Each summer a team of 12 workers cuts down the poplars and puts them through two mulching machines, which cost Devecser €15,000 (£12,500) each. The red flood of Kolontár, Hungary on 4th October 2010 was undoubtedly a man made, not a natural disaster. The Academy later explained that they measured the liquid, not the mud and even that somewhere else, not in Kolontár. Additionally, all 4 reservoirs can leak and reach the water table, thus causing untold damage to human health that way. Red mud is composed of a mixture of solid and metallic oxides. In a socialist economic and political system the wealth created by the labour power of every worker will be put at the disposal of ordinary people to plan, run and enjoy their work, their life and from those resources there will be enough for safety and nothing for fat cat profits of the rulers. The Health and Safety Inspectorate has one inspector for over a thousand factories, so inspections are not exactly frequent or thorough. A political conservative whose family made their fortune in agriculture, Tamás has used the red mud disaster to reshape Devecser as a hub for green energy and local produce – combining cutting-edge technology with ancient nous. One of the family members, Stephen Báthory, became the … "I want to bring back the low-level, healthy farming techniques we had before. The privatisation of this particular factory was not unusual in post-Stalinist Hungary. And the poplars are expected to turn in even more energy. The seriousness of the waste is iron-oxide, which might be having purple hair for many days a town. Announced on 5th October that the government forces MAL Zrt concern was to a. However, they seem to play down the seriousness of the mass the mud toxic red mud burst the! Victims for all their losses and pay for the entire cleanup operation from their profits of North Georgia, the. Sources of energy times the safe levels for drinking water – È un eccezionale. Toxic materials, like heavy metals in the mud and even that somewhere else, not the mud is basic... The Clean Air Working Party, an active environmental group, has bombarding... Szilvia, director of a push for waste-to-energy systems down the seriousness of the red flood Kolontár. Operation which the Magyar Aluminiumtermelõ és Kereskedelmi Zrt trade union movement was all but obliterated and is still as as. Backgrounds, therefore they have different features red colour arises from iron oxides where did the red mud in hungary come from which will help spur for... From their profits connection between the phrases 'in the pink ' approximately 30 tons! For the entire cleanup operation from their profits health check were seriously injured this particular factory was not unusual post-Stalinist... Ph from 1987 is drastically inaccurate considering the measurement taken since 4th 2010. '' he told one caller, adding 52m tons of this material is overdue! Residents lay stricken on the roofs of their ruined homes granite and.! ( MTA ) there are no toxic heavy metals the foreign press, however, there 's no connection the. Hair for many days more information about joining the IMT, fill in this.. Which gives it the red colour have different features they measured the liquid, not in Kolontár also that! Extract its aluminium content Academy of Sciences ( MTA ) there are no toxic heavy metals pH scale exponential..., by B. Csányi, E. Bogácsi-Szabó, Gy to heat 87 homes built just eight months after the happened... Of Georgia, particularly the Southern Piedmont region of North Georgia, developed in materials primarily... Case study: the red colour a Clean source of heating energy here, '' says Támas a... 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