Advantages of using unwritten sources of information on history and government. It could have come from documents, eyewitnesses, or other sources available to them. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Apr 2017. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. If yes: did they personally witness the event they are describing? How do we interpret what it may tell us about a culture? IV. This criticism can be of two types, i.e. The primary sources, remnants and written documents are counted as more reliable than the oral history. A diary can be a primary source if the author experienced the events they recall, while a charter can be a primary source of the act it was created for. Pitfalls – dating; interpretation context. Sources are our way of peering into the past, but the various kinds all present their own benefits and difficulties. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/1048/. Any sort of artifact from the period in question that conveys information can qualify as a source The sources of information on history and government can be classified in various categories. 2. They are definitely not refined and have a huge bias issues - for example: Look at Ancient Egyptian war memorials, You … Therefore, historians have come to hold the view that all that cannot be proved must be temporarily regarded as doubtful because of the incompetency and unreliability of the author which prevents him from telling the truth even when he knows. The unmatched level of detail presented by written sources in general is an obvious goldmine to the greedy historian. There are obstacles that make it so we do not have a crystal clear, uninterrupted view of the past. Has the author been trained in the right field, and does he or she have decent credit in the academic world? The inscription states the following: M(arcus) A(grippa) L(ucius) F(ilius) Co(n)s(ul) Tertium Fecit – ('Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, three times consul, made this'). What are the Important Fields for Studying History? These include – newspapers, periodicals, diaries, reference books, correspondence, and documents in the archives, government gazettes, postage stamps, and encyclopedias. the works of the great and important historians of the proposed area and period of research. If they are fictitious, they can provide information on the attitudes of the time in which the author lived. It includes examinations of document like manuscripts, books, pamphlets, maps, inscriptions and monuments. We should ask of each artefact: An example lies within the 15th- and 16th-century CE Korean Buncheong wares – practically used ceramics that were blue-green with a white slip, typically decorated with combinations of geometric and natural shapes such as peonies, birds and fish, enhanced with dots. 1. it compliments other sources. The site of Palenque – an important Maya city situated in present-day Mexico – for instance, is home to a group of temples that fit within a context of both propaganda and symbolism. Here, bones can alert us to the prehistoric human presence in specific areas. South of the equator, the sun would indeed have been on the sailors' right-hand side while sailing westward around the Cape – a detail the sailors could not have known if they had not actually witnessed it, so it appears to be true. While collecting the material, it must be remembered that a document contains the idea of the man who wrote. However, this would be a tad naïve; the people writing the secondary material are just as bound to their own contexts as the ancients they are studying. Kan Balam moreover legitimised his rule by depicting his genealogy as well as a scene in which he receives his power from his ancestors. Was the author a contemporary and/or an eyewitness? The misinterpretation of terms may lead to misunderstanding of the historical development. Which sources has the author used and how critical has he or she been? As the historian draws his conclusions and generalizations on the basis of these documents and facts it is essential to check up the authenticity of the documents and facts. The public reports are meant for general public and less reliable. To fill in the context of the past we wish to study involves carefully questioning a whole bunch of sources – not just written ones – and avoiding pitfalls as much as possible. A Christian source written while, What is the content of the source and how do we interpret it? There are three types of public reports and each possesses a different degree of reliability, such as— Newspaper reports and dispatches are more reliable which depends upon the agency from which it originated and the news paper in which it is published; Memoirs and autobiographies are another public reports which are written for the public at the close of the life when the memoirs of author is fading and are therefore, not very reliable and the official histories of the activities of government or business house are also an important kind of public reports. Could they be biased? Thirdly, the historian confronts with the textual errors which may be either unintentional or deliberately committed. At this site, the political is thus visibly linked with the ritual context – something that fits well within the broader Mayan cultural context – and, as a source, it must be interpreted within this framework. In this topic we shall discuss only the unwritten sources of historical information. Examples are pottery, utensils, tools and jewellery, which can alert us to daily lives, style and culture; art – including statues – which can be both public and private and reflects the society in some way; and coins, which are more political - often standardised, they proclaim a visible message that tends to serve as propaganda to bolster a ruler’s image. Again, then, we must be wary of possible bias and goals, as well as of the accuracy – it is all too easy to draw conclusions that support your hypothesis. There is thus more than meets the eye. It contrasts with other narratives of the past, such as mythological, oral or archeological traditions. The closely connected field of archaeology offers a priceless helping hand in achieving this, so these sources will be discussed here, too. Electronic . What do we know of the context in which the source was created? Forgery is unfortunately also not entirely outside the realm of possibilities, as the Donatio Constantini (the Donation of Constantine) makes painfully clear. It is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans. … Materials used to study history can be classified into three types: primary, secondary and tertiary sources. Even if a secondary source may appear reliable in that it shows you which sources they have used and seems to draw logical conclusions from them, it is still possible that the author has hand-picked exactly those sources that support their story, rather than presenting the full picture (which may contradict or add more nuance to their story). Groeneveld, Emma. 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