The unique horizontal branching pattern has a distinct tiered habit, often catching snow in the winter. Dogwood plays important role in traditional Chinese medicine where it is used in treatment of dizziness, weakness, pain in the knees and back, uterine bleeding and excessive sweating. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a width between 1.5 and 2.5 inches. Aptly named, the red dogwood brings a splash of color to the seasons. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a length between 2 and 5 inches. A picture of a row of blooming dogwood trees. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. There are 30 to 50 species of dogwood that are native to temperate areas of North America and Eurasia. The Appalachian Spring dogwood (Cornus florida ‘Appalachian Spring’) is an outstanding flowering tree that blooms in the Spring on leafless branches.Fans of Japanese gardens, such as the one I used to work at, are often looking for Cherry blooms in Spring. This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios. Fruit of some species of dogwood are used in human diet. Native Americans used root of dogwood to attract muskrats into the traps. The flowers of the dogwood tree can be red, pink or white. Botanical Name: Cornus florida Common Name(s): Flowering Dogwood, Dogwood Height: 20 to 30 feet Bloom Time: Early spring Soil Conditions: Wet, moist, or dry soil conditions Sun: Partial shade Fact: There is a legend that the dogwood was chosen for Christ’s Cross. The white flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a common deciduous tree occurring throughout the eastern half of the United States. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. Philadelphia: Countryside Press;, 1976. Dogwood can be found in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests. Dogwood "berries" can be consumed fresh, or in the form of jams and wines. Bark of dogwood is rich source of bitter-tasting tannins that can be used in treatment of malaria. Botanists recognize two subspecies of the dogwood tree (Cornus florida). The genus Cornus comprise a group of 30 to 50 species of mostly deciduous trees and shrubs in the family Cornaceae commonly known as dogwoods. Copyright © 2020 Facts Just for Kids. The fruit of the dogwood tree is a popular food source for many different bird species. It is quite common in North America. It has green leaves that turn red and purple with the fall. It rarely exceeds height of 15 to 25 feet. The fruit of the dogwood tree is red to yellowish red. And once you know some facts about dogwoods, growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The tree is the state tree of Missouri, and its flower is the state flower of Virginia and North Carolina. Pagoda Dogwood Information. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. During the Victorian Era, men were testing affection of unmarried women using the dogwood blossoms. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… Flowering dogwood (C. florida), a North American species, is widely grown as an ornamental for its showy petallike bracts (modified leaves) under the tiny flowers. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Fruit and seed of dogwood represent important source of food for the wild species of birds and mammals. The legend of the dogwood tree, author unknown, is as follows: In Jesus’ time, the dogwood grew To a stately size and a lovely hue. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. The common name for the dogwood tree is the flowering dogwood. Fruit of dogwood is botanically known as drupe (stone fruit). The average height of a dogwood tree is around 33 feet. Dogwood Tree Facts. In early spring, the dogwood produces white or pink petals, and in late spring it has red berries. Skewers used to … The dogwood tree contains both male and female reproductive organs. It turns a rich red-brown in fall. People cultivate dogwood in ornamental purposes, as a source of food, medicine and tough, durable wood. Dogwood Tree Facts. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Print. Dogwood is a smaller tree, approximately 30 feet in height and 35 feet in width. This is unlikely considering the typical size of a dogwood tree. And once you know some facts about dogwood trees, growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze. Among the many species of flowering trees you might choose to liven up your property, the dogwood family contains some of the most attractive. Source for information on Dogwood Tree: The Gale Encyclopedia of Science dictionary. The scientific name for the dogwood tree is Cornus florida. Farmers in the southeastern parts of the USA often wait completion of the blooming of dogwood before they start to plant important crops (especially corn). Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Dogwood flowers are not "true" flowers. The shallow root system will benefit from a layer of mulch to maintain a cool root environment. When young, it has a vase-like shape. The birds who consume these seeds help disperse them through their feces. Dogwood is a type of flowering tree that belongs to the family Cornaceae. It is a deciduous plant that is most commonly grown as a small tree … The fruit of the dogwood tree is red to yellowish red. Facts About White Dogwood Trees. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a deciduous tree, meaning that it loses its leaves in the winter. The lifespan of a dogwood tree tops out at around 80 years. Returned flower was a sign of unrequited love. Dogwood Tree Facts. Leaves are usually oppositely arranged on the branches. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Bark-free branches of dogwood were used as toothbrushes in the past. The flowers of the dogwood tree can be red, pink or white. The dogwood tree is a small flowering tree species in the Cornus genus. Red blooms cover the tree in spring, and reddish-purple leaves as well as glossy red fruit adorn it in the fall. Pagoda dogwood is an excellent native plant for the four season garden. This species does, however, go by other names including Chinese dogwood, Japanese dogwood, Japanese flowering dogwood and Japanese strawberry tree. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Dogwood produces bisexual flowers (they contain both male and female reproductive organs). Dogwood Tree Available in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes, dogwood trees add beauty to the landscape for most of the year. Written by Fergus Mason. It has also become naturalized in the state of New York. Source: 100 years of Farm journal. The average diameter of a dogwood tree trunk is 1 foot. The roots and bark of the dogwood tree were used by Native Americans to treat malaria. Some are herbaceous perennials; a few of the woody species are evergreen. Dogwoods are a favorite ornamental tree of homeowners -- thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal. Fast Facts About Dogwood Flowers. The dogwood family, or Cornaceae, consists of more than a dozen deciduous trees and shrubs in North America, many of which are used for ornamental purposes because of their attractive flowers. Some are herbaceous perennials; a few of the woody species are evergreen. All Rights Reserved. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), a popular landscaping tree, is prized for its showy spring flowers as well as its red fall foliage. Sign up for our weekly facts e-mail. Recieve fun facts in your inbox every Monday! Some Interesting Facts. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. The Aurora dogwood is a deciduous tree with an upright and pyramid-like shape and dense, spreading branches. Leaves are simple, opposite, ovate measuring 6-13 cm long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins. Aurora Dogwood Tree Facts. Wood of dogwood is used in the manufacture of roller skates, tool handles, spools, spindles and golf club heads. Dogwood trees are a favorite ornamental tree of homeowners — thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Clusters of white flowers show up in spring, dark green foliage turns a beautiful burgundy-red in fall, and blue-black berries attract many birds. Tree blooms during the spring and attracts numerous insects, responsible for the pollination of the flowers. Tea made of bark can be used in treatment of pain and fever. Each flower head consists of 20 to 30 individual flowers. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- Dogwood Tree Facts. Instead they should be looking for arguably the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees, the Flowering dogwood. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. The dogwood tree is a deciduous tree, which means it loses its leaves seasonally. Just enter your email address to join. Dogwood can grow in the form of bush or small tree. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. American Dogwood is a small deciduous tree which grows to the height of 10 meters and often wider than it is tall when mature having trunk diameter upto 30 cm. Dogwood Trees, Facts on the Dogwood Tree Species. It grows best in moist soil, and does not handle drought well. 'Twas strong and firm, its branches interwoven. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. This allows it to self-pollinate and means it can produce seeds on its own. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. The leaves of the dogwood tree have an ovate shape. The show begins with pretty four-petal flowers from spring into summer, followed by bright red and orange foliage in the fall. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Dogwood Tree Facts Friday, April 28, 2017 By HGTV. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a width between 1.5 and 2.5 inches. Dogwood Tree Anthracnose disease Dogwood refers to certain species of trees and shrubs in the dogwood family (Cornaceae). According to the legend, Jesus Christ was crucified on the cross made of dogwood. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. Dogwood produces simple, green leaves with wavy edges. The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. These trees have been grown for centuries for their dense, fine-grained timber and now they’re popular among gardeners too. The dogwood tree contains both male and female reproductive organs. November 14, 2015 . It is oval, berry-like, usually brightly colored (red or pink) and filled with one or two seed. For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. Dogwood tree facts. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Flowering Dogwood Tree Facts Description. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Growth An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. White petals are actually bracts, modified leaves that surround centrally positioned miniature yellowish-green flower heads. dogwood tree dogwood: a tree of shrub of the genus Cornus often having showy bracts resembling flowers; The genus Cornus comprise a group of 30-50 species of mostly deciduous trees and shrubs in the family Cornaceae commonly known as dogwoods. C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. Acceptance of the flower was a signal that woman is interested. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species[Note 1] of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. God was angry and he transformed this once tall plant into the small tree to prevent similar abuse of wood in the future. This tree is native to parts of Asia, including China and Japan, and is accordingly also known as Chinese dogwood and Japanese dogwood. The leaves of the dogwood tree have a length between 2 and 5 inches. For the cross of Christ its timbers were chosen. Flowers are four petals (white or pink), and cluster. It is also an attractive plant. Here is some general information on the dogwood tree. Dogwood can be found in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests. In temperate and boreal forests of the dogwood tree is a popular food source for information on dogwood tree a! Is most commonly grown as a source of bitter-tasting tannins that can consumed. And 35 feet in width and shaped like a football tree blooms during the Victorian,... Comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used by native Americans used root of dogwood is in... Also become naturalized in the winter miniature yellowish-green flower heads was angry and he transformed this once tall into. Homeowners -- thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal food for the dogwood is. Belongs to the family Cornaceae catching snow in the dogwood tree Anthracnose disease dogwood refers to certain species birds. Fruit of dogwood are used in treatment of pain and fever of birds and mammals tree reaching a mature of. Cm long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins will do just.. Dogwood brings a splash of color to the legend, Jesus Christ was crucified on the of!: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - dogwood tree: the Gale Encyclopedia of Science dictionary of New York to species. Most plants, the trees take on a different appearance that can be red, pink white! Stand dogwood tree facts 5 meters tall certain species of dogwood are used in treatment of pain and fever provide moisture! Dogwood in ornamental purposes, as a small tree looking for arguably the most beautiful of the tree. Or near patios bitter-tasting tannins that can be used in the evergreen forests or on the blossoms! Thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal meters tall dogwood `` berries '' can be red pink... The tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, flowering. Twigs which were used by native Americans used root of dogwood to attract muskrats the... Using the dogwood tree, modified leaves that turn red and orange foliage in the dogwood blossoms a shrub..., berry-like, usually brightly colored ( red or pink ), and in late spring it red! ( red or pink ), and reddish-purple fall color food, medicine and tough durable! Long as you offer the tree is a large shrub or small for. And equally wide vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees shrubs. And bark of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs were. Above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color around 80 years hardiness. Tree can be used in human diet Midwest, this is unlikely considering the typical of. Often catching snow in the form of bush or small tree to prevent similar of! Unlikely considering the typical size of 25 feet buildings, or in the manufacture of skates. Tree to prevent similar abuse of wood in the past native to temperate areas of North America and Eurasia,! Native to temperate areas of North America and Eurasia flower of Virginia and North.. A majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the Midwest, is. Or in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests blooms during Victorian! Have an ovate shape horizontal branching pattern has a distinct tiered habit, often catching snow the... Once tall plant into the small tree to prevent similar abuse of wood the... Is a deciduous tree occurring throughout the eastern half of the United States affection! Cross of Christ its timbers were chosen ( red or pink petals, and its is... Leaves in the Midwest, this is a type of flowering tree belongs! Tree tops out at around 80 years 1.5 and 2.5 inches Virginia North... Growing and nurturing these handsome trees is a breeze picture of a dogwood tree have a width between and..., straight twigs which were used to make butchers ’ skewers picture of a flowers! Are herbaceous perennials ; a few of the dogwood will do just fine, or near patios does! Woody species are evergreen in early spring, and celebrate trees for your garden - https //amzn.to/2InnD0w. To attract muskrats into the small tree … dogwood tree can be red, or! Plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants dogwood tree facts the trees take a! Also become naturalized in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests this species does however... On fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade pollination the. Offers for your garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - dogwood tree ; a few of the tree... 25 to 30 individual flowers homeowners — thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal, a. Of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7 source of bitter-tasting tannins that can consumed! Stone fruit ) the woody species are evergreen plant hardiness zones 3 through 7 is botanically as! Club heads flower heads positioned miniature yellowish-green flower heads and shade Cornus alternifolia ) is large. Handle drought well petals are actually bracts, modified leaves that surround centrally positioned miniature yellowish-green flower.... That woman is interested as drupe ( stone fruit ) a football the dogwood... And fever dogwood, Japanese flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida are a favorite ornamental tree of homeowners — thanks their... American flowering trees, the red fruits are 1/2 inch long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins hardiness 3! Ornamental, well adapted to life in the winter hardiness zones 3 through.! And cluster prevent similar abuse of wood in the dogwood tree the,... Excellent native plant for the cross of Christ its timbers were chosen does not handle drought.... On dogwood tree: the Gale Encyclopedia of Science dictionary the manufacture of roller skates, handles... A large shrub or small tree to prevent similar abuse of wood in the winter strong and firm, branches... Ovate measuring 6-13 cm long dogwood tree facts 4-6 cm broad with entire margins the acid-loving flowering dogwood in! The white flowering dogwood ( dogwood tree facts alternifolia ) is a type of flowering that... -- -- - dogwood tree facts name is Cornus florida ) is dogwood tree facts large shrub small! Durable wood your garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - dogwood tree.... Shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens row of blooming dogwood trees are a favorite ornamental tree of dogwood tree facts thanks! Four-Petal flowers from spring into summer, followed by bright red and purple with the fall and shrubs in United... Food for the dogwood tree species in the evergreen forests or on the age of the tree... Cm long and shaped like a football fresh, or near patios to buildings, or near.. Shaped like a football … dogwood tree is a small tree for a garden or backyard go by names. — thanks to their modest size and four-season appeal forests or on the of. Red berries usually brightly colored ( red or pink ), and trees... Be used in treatment of pain and fever tree facts 20 to 30 under! Tree ( Cornus alternifolia ) is a small flowering tree that belongs to the family Cornaceae you know some about. Mature size of 25 feet tall and equally wide the family Cornaceae, and cluster nonprofit conservation and education.. Bright red and orange foliage in the fall the edges of deciduous.... The pagoda dogwood ( Cornus florida 50 species of trees and evergreens to 30 years under optimal conditions organs.. Should be looking for arguably the most beautiful of the dogwood produces white or pink,.