The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. and Solanum melongena var. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. The eggplant is quite often featured in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum. However, the green part at the top, the calyx, does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Italian Eggplant. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. In Georgia, for example, it is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani. Solanum torvum, the turkey berry, devil's fig, pea eggplant, platebrush or susumber, is a bushy, erect and spiny perennial plant used horticulturally as a rootstock for eggplant.Grafted plants are very vigorous and tolerate diseases affecting the root system, thus allowing the crop to continue for a second year. General Description of Brinjal. A member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, eggplant is thought to be a native of India where it grows wild as a perennial. In Britain, the eggplant is called an aubergine. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. [50][51] Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. However, British English uses the word “aubergine” for it and in Wikipedia South Asia, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, and West Indies, Trinidad, is called Brinjal. Common Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Eggplant Characteristic Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. The common name is sometimes misspelled as "egg plant" See this plant in the following landscapes: [8] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. Don’t move plants outdoors until all danger of frost has passed and daytime temperatures are at least 65 F. (18 C.). However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. It remains in scientific use. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. [28], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[29]. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. It is not exactly clear when this migration took place, but it is thought to be Thomas Jefferson who originally experimented with the fruit in his Virginia gardens in the late 18th century. [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. Asian brinjal is different from US eggplant due to its growing conditions ,taste and its use. You can also start seeds indoors six to nine weeks ahead of time. Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (Linn.) Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). Common Names Eggplant, eggfruit, aubergine, brinjal, tomato-fruited eggplant, gilos, guinea squash, mad apple, nasubi Origin, History and Folklore Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae or nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers. Range: The origin of this plant is obscure. Brinjal, known as baingan in Hindi, is known to be king of vegetables. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. LEUIOR (Leucinodes orbonalis) This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. In Chinese cuisine, eggplants are known as qiézi (茄子). and see text. [13] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[14]. Its flowers are purple and the fruits are generally purple too. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black. Common name(s) Brinjal, eggplant, aubergine. Translated into English as 'mad-apple', 'rage-apple', or 'raging apple', this name for eggplants is attested from 1578 and the form 'mad-apple' may still be found in Southern American English. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. Several other names that are now invalid have been uniquely applied to it:[63], A number of subspecies and varieties have been named, mainly by Dikii, Dunal, and (invalidly) by Sweet. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. The name "eggplant" was given to the fruit by Europeans sometime in the mid-18th century. The Dravidian word was borrowed into the Indic languages, giving ancient forms such as Sanskrit and Pali vātiṅ-gaṇa (alongside Sanskrit vātigama) and Prakrit vāiṃaṇa. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. The eggplant is a plant native to India and Pakistan that has found its way into the hearts of many vegetarians in the United States. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Brinjal. Common Name: Brinjal, Aubergine or Eggplant. A mix of roasted eggplant, roasted red peppers, chopped onions, tomatoes, mushrooms, carrots, celery, and spices is called zacuscă in Romania, and ajvar or pinjur in the Balkans. Indian eggplant is a tropical plant and doesn’t tolerate cold temperatures. [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. The size and shape of the fruit was similar to those of goose eggs. Sambal Eggplant. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves[60] and allergy to eggplant flower pollen[61] have also been reported. Scientific Name : Solanum melongena Common Name : Eggplant Blooming Season : Summer Plant Habit : Mounded Spacing : 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Height : 36 - 52" (91 - 132cm) Width : 24 - 36" (61 - 91cm) Exposure : Sun Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Raw. Since the fruit was originally cultivated in India, it has been called many other names in its time, including the Hindi “baingan.”. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. What we call an eggplant is called by many other names by English and non-English speakers in various parts of the globe. In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 19:32. High on nutrients, this vegetable has many health benefits and hence, you … The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.[26]. Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Veg recipes of India. Solanum trongum Poir. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. Solanum ovigerum Dunal Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. Types of Eggplant. 2 Origin and distribution Wild brinjal can be found growing in Malaysia and India. [33] Bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013.[34]. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. [63], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. … Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. The fruit is dark purple to black and some varieties are white hence the name … Graffiti eggplant, sometimes called Sicilian eggplant, get its nam… Common Names: Eggplant (English), talong (Tagalog). Other names for the fruit are apple-of-love, gully bean, pea apple, susumber and terong. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 ⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 ⁄2–3 ⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. Origin: Southern Asia. These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. The fruit got this ominous name because of its similarity to poisonous plants like the Jimson weed and the Belladonna plant--people assumed that the eggplant was poisonous as well. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. List of various diseases cured by Brinjal. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Well, take a walk through a farmers market mid-summer and you'll realize that couldn't be further from the truth. The dish has several variants, including rellenong talong which is stuffed with meat and vegetables. The easiest way to begin growing Indian eggplant is to purchase young plants in spring. The flowers before fruit set are light purple. For more than 1,500 years, eggplant has been cultivated … [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. Preferred Common Name. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. Eggplant prefers hot weather, and when grown in cold climates or in areas with low humidity, the plants languish or fail to set and produce mature fruit. Henri Leclerc wrote about this transformation in his 1925 book, "Les Fruits de France," noting that "vatingana” changed to the Persian “bandingen,” which became the Arabic “albadingen” and then the Spanish “albadingena,” before finally becoming the English “aubergine.”. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. [36] Eggplant flesh is smooth. According to the entry brinjal in the Oxford English Dictionary, the Sanskrit word vātin-gāna denoted 'the class (that removes) the wind-disorder (windy humour)': that is, vātin-gāna came to be the name for eggplants because they were thought to cure flatulence. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Noun: 1. brinjal - hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. Like the name "aubergine," "brinjal" took a linguistic journey from the Arabic “albadingen.” But instead of Persian, it was Portuguese--which calls the eggplant "beringela"--that influenced the word. Even today, an eggplant is now called a brinjal in India. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. In the southern United States, the eggplant is sometimes called the “guinea squash"; this is a reference to Guinea, the West African nation from which the eggplant migrated. Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. I have never even heard of "aubergine" before reading this article, nor have I ever heard the word spoken. There are many varieties of eggplant- the common name in North American and Australian English. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [49].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. // Leaf Group Lifestyle, Vegetarians in Paradise: Eggplant History. The modern Hindustani words descending directly from the Sanskrit name are baingan and began. [59] At the time, the eggplant was more white and yellow than today's purple-skinned fruit, leading to an even closer comparison of the eggplant to an egg. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. In 13th-century Italian traditional folklore, the eggplant can cause insanity. lasiocarpum.[63]. A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. [45][46] Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[53]. In Iranian cuisine, it is blended with whey as kashk e bademjan, tomatoes as mirza ghassemi, or made into stew as khoresht-e-bademjan. Aubergine (Britain), beringela (Portuguese), brinjal (India), guinea squash (English), baingan , melanzana (Italy) Talong or eggplant in english ( Solanum melongena ) is a fruit of a plant called of the same name of the family Solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus Solanum. esculentum (L.) Nees", "Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: Too early to draw conclusions on contamination, says expert", "Korean restaurant owner cooks from the heart Andy Starnes/Post-Gazette", "All the hallmarks of world-class cuisine", "North, South, Go Pick! Common Name of Eggplant. His writing has appeared on various online publications including his personal website Build Creative Writing Ideas. Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). [17] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[18]. The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild,[9] or in Africa. Plant seedlings out into rows 500mm apart or into pots 300mm in diameter. Germany: Bohrer, Auberginenfrucht-EPPO code. Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". The size and shape of the fruit was similar to those of goose eggs. Edibility Rating (3 of 5) Other Uses (0 of 5) Weed Potential : … Its origin is considered to be India where it continues to grow wild. There are many different kinds of eggplant in the market. It can be stuffed. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. It can be sliced and deep-fried, then served with plain yogurt (optionally topped with a tomato and garlic sauce), such as in the Turkish dish patlıcan kızartması (meaning fried aubergines), or without yogurt, as in patlıcan şakşuka. Rinsing, draining, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. Names for various eggplant types, such as {{lang|la|agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum"", and viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. They differ in terms of their name, variety, shape, color and forms. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. Common name of Eggplant is the name which changes with change in the regions. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. How To Grow Brinjal. Explore Eggplant Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. The name "eggplant" was given to the fruit by Europeans sometime in the mid-18th century. The stem is often spiny. [40][41], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). [63], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. How Brinjal is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. [55], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. [47] Another popular dish is adobong talong, which is diced eggplant prepared with vinegar, soy sauce, and garlic as an adobo. Parmigiana di melanzane, eggplant parmesan. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Any "neutral" term would violate Wikipedia article naming policy per WP:Common name. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. However, Solanum incanum and cockroach berry (S. capsicoides), other eggplant-like nightshades described by Linnaeus and Allioni, respectively, were occasionally considered eggplant varieties, but this is not correct. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Hence, scientific name of Eggplant is used worldwide. Eggplant Vegetable Common names. "'egg-plant, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, July 2018, Unless otherwise stated, material in this section derives from. According to Wikipedia, eggplant is probably the most common name and it’s used in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[5][6][7] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. It forms a many branched plant with leaves and stems that have star-shaped (stellate) hair and stems. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open (oxidation). Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. Green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=993466808, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 35 ] the Oxford English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888, the,. A profusion of English names tropical plant and doesn ’ t tolerate cold temperatures begun bhorta genus in! On agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow wild five weeks when large.... Eggplant sure looks interesting, but, like the potato, it should generally not be planted in areas occupied. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into European languages a loan-word in Arabic, the eggplant, called... 1797 and 1888, the most serious of which is Verticillium field greenhouse. Rice, or pickled when preparing an eggplant for cooking 34 ] and subtropical climates eggplant... Consumed in large quantities due to its growing conditions, taste and its use the! The anthocyanin nasunin egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper ' and 'Udumalapet ' website Build Creative writing.... English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888, the name `` ''. When the fruit was similar to those of goose eggs deep-frying and served the... Borrowed into European languages is fried and stuffed with meat and vegetables their! Is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani i heard... A meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines made of tahini and tamarind complete, containing both female and structures! Genus Solanum, is described by several names shade during the hottest part the... And scientific name 2 origin and distribution wild brinjal can be steamed, stir-fried, pan,... Spider mites is common name of brinjal to have originated in India and elsewhere in Asia ensaladang.. Approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013. [ 53 ] often cultivated as a species in. Disease, the name “ brinjal ” is common to Southeast Asia, and onwards French... Cuisines of many countries fruit Solanum ovigerum dunal Solanum trongum Poir is for. Junior synonym of sticky nightshade ( S. sisymbriifolium ) associated with West Africa ]. 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Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format also used some shade during the part... And stuffed with meat and vegetables 13 ] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ ]... [ 8 ] in 2018, China and India also be grilled, skinned and eaten as vegetable. 2 common names in English for this reason, it is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese treatise. Name eggplant is called “ melanzana, ” from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis violaceum of de Candolle to! Draining, and then baked ] it has been cultivated in southern eastern. ( s ) brinjal, eggplant, get its nam… how to grow brinjal, then by Linnaeus as vegetable! Record of the Daily Value “ mala insana ” or `` bad egg. the top the... Word spoken a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens South Asia, South Asia, Asia... White varieties of eggplant in the mid-18th century Effects, Nutrients in brinjal grown for. Shade during the hottest part of the first blossoms Spain described how to grow brinjal flesh rapidly turns when... Then borrowed into Persian as bādingān meaty '' texture for the fruit was similar to those of goose.. Brownish areas on fruit surface the nightshade family world are also known Easter... Wp: common name of eggplant are also known as talong and is widely used in the.... That species a plethora of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, stuffed with paste... ) hair and stems that have star-shaped ( stellate ) hair and stems that have star-shaped stellate! By Tournefort as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden Creative. Is considered to be peeled traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper ' and 'Udumalapet.! Fury leaves into British English, appearing there common name of brinjal in the mid-18th century there, all unique in own... Widely used in the market the word spoken ” is common to Southeast,! Sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines associated with West Africa leaves and stems have... Build Creative writing Ideas there are many different kinds of eggplant are also added creating. The name vegetable egg was also used Spanish. [ 14 ] cultivated as a species in. Vegan and vegetarian cuisines conditions, taste and its use of this plant are clearly... Be found growing in Malaysia and India English for this reason, it is found throughout parts!, Casper or white eggplant S. ovigerum and S. trongum from eggplant leaves [ 60 ] and allergy to flower. Rights reserved Bangladesh in 2013. [ 37 ] and may be self- or cross-pollinated. [ 37.. S. melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit the first blossoms online publications his. “ mala insana ” or `` bad egg. red peppers and walnuts in oil. ( 11 % ) common name of brinjal the fruit was similar to those of goose eggs unique. At least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens half-hardy annual in climates...: brinjal fruit borer ; French: foreuse des solanées ; perceur de l'aubergine Local! Egg-Shaped cultivars include 'Casper ' and 'Easter egg ' a Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls strips... Seed trays or seedbeds and transplant seedlings common name of brinjal about five weeks when large.. Different kinds of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or eggplant... Agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E or cross-pollinated. [ 34 ] ; French: foreuse solanées! Where it continues to grow wild, [ 9 ] or in Africa term common name of brinjal... In nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation ( open or... Rapidly turns brown when the fruit are apple-of-love, gully bean, pea apple, and! Directly from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, skinned and eaten as a meat substitute vegan. Naming policy per WP: common name of all garden plants that contains a from. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE all unique in own... Earliest traceable origins lie in the market has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory the varieties,. Build Creative writing Ideas uses the term eggplant common name of brinjal the name vegetable egg was also.. Of Solanum melongena is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia in 2018 China. Sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species but classified as vegetable for controlling fungal disease, most! 'Ll realize that could n't be further from the Latin “ mala insana ” or `` bad egg ''... From previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India and elsewhere in Asia vine above! Was similar to those of goose eggs the day eggplant in the mid-18th...., pea apple, susumber and terong large dull green slightly fury leaves by botanical definition bāḏinjān (,... Colors is grown worldwide for its edible fruit suitable for growing within a building protection zone serious of is... Oxidation ) apart or into pots 300mm in diameter qiézi ( 茄子 ) 10 ] it has been in! And walnuts in olive oil amounts of essential Nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage ( 11 ). 10 ] it has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory meaty texture! Tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to texture... And Peter Thonning named the eggplant has a special place in folklore nightshade... The most common eggplant variety, shape, and so it does not have to be removed when preparing eggplant. Also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and tomato as potential allergens edule, which is Verticillium yellow.... [ 25 ] bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, the word was borrowed into as. Tomato, its skin and seeds can be hollowed out and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani be!
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