Some people consider Glechoma to be an attractive garden plant, and it is grown in pots and occasionally as a groundcover. Stubbendieck, James; Coffin, Mitchell J.; Landholt, L. M. 2003. Type of plant : Perennial. [7] Despite its name, it is not related to true ivy (Hedera). Also known by the name English ivy, it can be grown indoors or outdoors and has leaves that come in various colors, shapes, and sizes. This aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper is in the mint (Lamiaceae) family. Psedera Neck. It clings to surfaces (e.g., brick, stone or wood walls) by adhesive holdfasts (also called sucker disks) located at the tendril ends. L. var. There are no biological control agents to help to reduce its spread in North America. ground ivy, creeping Charlie, gill-over-the-ground, robin-runaway. It is bilateral (or irregular) in shape — with lower and upper petal lips. Leaves are alternately arranged on stems, compound with three leaflets, and have smooth, toothed or lobed edges. [10], Glechoma hederacea has been used in the traditional medicine of Europe going back thousands of years: Galen recommends the plant to treat inflammation of the eyes. Native to Europe, it was brought to North American by the European settlers as medicine and as a ground cover. This plant is mainly used in Asia as a medicinal plant. gill-over-the-ground. Common Name: English Ivy. Lamiacaeae with very high volatile oil concentrations, such as Mentha pulegium, European pennyroyal, have traditional uses as disinfectants, flea-killers, and abortifacients, and are hepatoxic to humans, unsafe to ingest even at low doses. Glechoma hederecea is gynodiecious, with genets being either female or hermaphrodite. Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea syn. Moric. Description. Ground-ivy belongs to the mint family and is distantly related to other known herbs and spices such as rosemary or thyme. It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. In addition, mallow and other creeping plants sometimes confused with ground ivy do not spread from nodes on stems. It is considered an aggressive invasive weed of woodlands and lawns in some parts of North America. Glechoma thrives in moist shaded areas, but also tolerates sun very well. People take ground ivy for mild lung problems, coughs, and bronchitis.They also take it for arthritis and other joint pain, ringing in the ears (), stomach problems, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, bladder infections, bladder stones, and kidney stones. [17], Species of flowering plants in the mint and sage family Lamiaceae, Cultivation and medicinal and culinary uses. Glechoma was also widely used by the Saxons in brewing ale as flavoring, clarification, and preservative, and later by the English, before the introduction of hops into brewing which changed the ale into beer, in the late 15th century. The scientific name for ground Ivy is ,,Glechoma hederacea ” which was derived from a Greek word,,Glechon” what means mint or thyme, also ,,Hederaceae” in Latin language that brings a meaning of ivy-like, what probably refers to its leaf shape and creeping of the weed. Weeds of the Great Plains. Bears tiny edible purplish-blue flowers. Click in the link to get some plant-specific description here: In addition to the true Ground-ivy described here is the Great Ground-ivy/Nakai (Glechoma longituba) of importance. It is a survivor plant that can take sun, heat, frost and even thrive in shade/ partial shade and shady moist conditions. Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea), also known as "ground ivy," is an aromatic evergreen that's a close relative of mint. Glechoma hederacea var. [3] Single clones can grow several metres across, although precise data is not currently available.[3]. prostate and creeping, square, rooting at nodes. Useful in kidney diseases and for indigestion." (In this photo, the white areas on the petals are actually water drops.) Nepeta glechoma Benth., Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevir.) [3] There is disagreement among biologists as to whether hermaphrodite flowers can pollinate themselves. [3] Female flowers tend to be smaller than hermaphrodite flowers. Life Cycle: perennial: General Description: Perennial with creeping square stems and rounded leaves. The plant is also galled by several insects,[4] including Rondaniola bursaria (Lighthouse Gall),[5] Liposthenes glechomae[6] or Liposthenes latreillei (Kieffer, 1898) (a gall wasp). is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the mint family Lamiaceae. ... Common name : Ground-ivy. The genus Glechoma consists of eight known species. Scientific Name: Toxicodendron radicans L. GENERAL DESCRIPTION: A native, woody vine that may grow as a dwarf, shrubby plant or a prostrate trailer carpeting the ground but usually it is seen climbing trees or other objects. Glechoma hederacea (syn. A non-native invasive in North America, Glechoma is familiar to a large number of people as a weed, a property it shares with many others of the mint family. Noteworthy Characteristics. The plant spreads either by stolon or seed, making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate. A number of wild bees collect pollen from this plant, including Anthophora furcata, Anthidum manicatum, Anthophora plumipes, Anthophora quadrimaculata, Osmia aurulenta, Osmia caerulentes, and Osmia uncinata. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Glechoma hederacea var. Maybe you call it Creeping Charlie or Gill-over-the-ground, even Cat’s Foot. Family : Lamiaceae. [3] Dry storage for a period up to a month is thought to improve the germination rate. European settlers carried it around the world, and it has bec… Glechoma is also unusually sensitive to boron, and can be killed by applying borax (sodium tetraborate) in solution. Ground ivy: Ground ivy. Ground Ivy is a perennial broadleaf weed that is also referred to as Nepeta hederacea, Creeping Charlie, Gill-over-the-ground, Cats-foot and Field Balm. A variegated variety is commercially available; in many areas this is the dominant form which has escaped cultivation and become established as an aggressive, adventitious groundcover. Weed Family: Lamiaceae. micrantha . It is in the mint family, with it’s characteristic square stem and prolific growth habit, but they lack the minty flavor. Like crabgrass, glechoma's root has a tough-to-remove ball (un-belied by its delicate wide leaves). [12] Like most herbal remedies which cannot be patented as pharmaceuticals, the effects of Glechoma on humans have been little studied. Although it has been used by humans as a salad green and in herbal medicines for thousands of years, the species is also believed to be toxic to livestock, particularly horses. In addition, ground ivy emits a distinctive odor when damaged, being a member of the mint family. Some have different name for it, but it is really trying hard to get hold in my garden. Life Cycle. Creeping Charlie is an herbaceous plant that spreads by seed and by stolons (creeping stems). Alternate Scientific Names: Glecoma hederacea L. Glechoma hederacea . Glechoma hederacea . In most documentation, indoor ivies are classified according to the shape and size of their leaves. Seedlings: Cotyledons are spatulate and located on the end of a long stalk. Nepeta glechoma, Nepeta hederacea Other names: Alehoof, Catsfoot, Creeping Charlie ... Ground-ivy is a perennial native to Europe and southwest Asia, spreading mainly by creeping stems which root at the nodes and sometimes by seed. Glechoma hederacea (syn. Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea L. Family Name: Lamiaceae (Labiatae) - Mint Family. It is a clump-forming, aromatic plant that likes woodlands, hedgerows and damp places. [3] The plant spends the winter as either a small ramet or a small rosette. The leaves are round to kidney shaped with round toothed edges. In the absence of any biological control research conducted by the USDA[2] herbicides are relied upon, despite their drawbacks, particularly for woodland ecosystems. The scientific name is Glechoma hederacea. Hedgerows are one of our most easily encountered wildlife habitats, found lining roads, railways and footpaths, bordering fields and…, Rocky habitats are some of the most natural and untouched places in the UK. Part of the reason for its wide spread is its rhizomatous method of reproduction. People also refer to it as Creeping Charlie, gill-over-the-ground … It has also been used as a "lung herb." Habit. Common Name(s): Ground Ivy, Creeping Charlie, & Gill-over-the-ground. Ground ivy is a plant. It is a clump-forming, aromatic plant that … parviflora . House . The females depend upon pollen from hermaphrodites for pollination. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Wild pigs, however, are reported to feed on it. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. It is commonly known as ground-ivy, gill-over-the-ground, creeping charlie, alehoof, tunhoof, catsfoot, field balm, and run-away-robin. Glechoma, the genus name, comes from the Greek glechon, which means Pennyroyal, scientific name Mentha pulegiuma, a European mint species. It goes by many common names besides Ground Ivy. Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused … It produces flowers between April and July, which are visited by many types of insects, and can be characterized by a generalized pollination syndrome. Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevis. L. var. The concentration of volatile oil in Glechoma is less than 1/30th that in European pennyroyal. 3rd ed. Category : Perennials. Glechoma has been used in the cheese-making process as a substitute for animal rennet. Despite its name, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the dead-nettle family. It thrives particularly well in shady areas where grass does not grow well, such as woodlands, although it can also be a problem in full sun. It's a perennial plant—meaning it lives more than two years—that thrives in moist and shady areas, though it also tolerates some sun. Let’s look at the Ground ivy flower. Uses . It is a variable species, its size being influenced by environmental conditions, from 5–50 cm (2.0–19.7 in) tall.[3]. The dried plant and crushed leaves are used to make medicine. Creeping charlie (Glechoma hederacea) is also known as ground ivy, gill-over-ground, or cat’s foot, among other common names.It is a member of the mint family that might occasionally be seen as a garden perennial, particularly in its variegated form. European settlers carried it around the world, and it has become a well-established introduced and naturalized plant in a wide variety of localities. parviflora (Benth.) The appropriate dose of ground ivy depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. [3], The plant can also reproduce clonally, with the stems bending down to the earth and allowing roots to attach themselves. Registered charity number 207238. The seeds germinate a few days after contact with moisture, although they can be stored dry. [2] Like other members of the Lamiaceae, Glechoma hederacea contains bioactive volatile oils including terpenoids and pulegone; these are responsible for the characteristic "minty" odor and taste of plants in the mint family. Joanne Barnes, Linda A. Anderson, J. David Phillipson, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, "A Nature Observer′s Scrapbook" galls found on herbaceous, soft stemmed plants, Leafminers of Europe - Liposthenes glechomae, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", Cheesemakingrecipe.com: Rennet for Cheese Making, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", "Pennyroyal Uses, Benefits & Side Effects - Drugs.com Herbal Database", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glechoma_hederacea&oldid=992763795, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:43. Ground Ivy Quick Facts; Name: Ground Ivy: Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea: Origin: Europe and parts of Asia: Colors: Dark brown: Shapes: Egg-shaped, smooth, and have 1 rounded and 2 … Ground Ivy . Hedera helix is the most common type of indoor ivy plant and it is available in many different varieties. For instance, it is also called "gill," "gill-over-the-ground" and "creeping charlie." Rhizomatous hairy, semi-evergreen perennial ground cover with square stems and aromatic fan shaped, opposite, scalloped and dark green, sometimes tinted purple leaves. Usually no more than 8 inches in height, it features dark evergreen leaves and on older mature plants toxic black berries. Leaves, opposite, kidney-shaped to rounded, prominently veined and with scalloped margins. Scientific Name - Glechoma hederacea L. Family -Labiatae. It is commonly known as ground-ivy, gill-over-the-ground,[1] creeping charlie, alehoof, tunhoof, catsfoot, field balm, and run-away-robin. Ground-ivy Scientific name: Glechoma hederacea Despite its name, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the dead-nettle family. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/glehed/all.html Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea L. Other Names: Creeping charlie, field balm, cats-foot, and gill-over-the-hill. Often high up in the hills and hard to reach, they are…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. It’s a perennial evergreen creeper and from the mint family of Lamiaceae. Poison Ivy. Nepeta glechoma Benth., Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevir.) introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and creeping stems. Ground-ivy (Glechoma hederacea): learn and get advice on how to grow, care, plant, water. Nepeta hederacea . haymaids. Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea L. Family Name (Scientific and Common): Lamiaceae (Mint Family) Continent of Origin: Eurasia. micrantha . Its scientific name is Glechoma hederacea. It is used as a salad green in many countries. [11] Other traditional uses include as an expectorant, astringent, and to treat bronchitis. Yep, those terrible ground ivy weeds. It also thrives in lawns and around buildings since it survives mowing. [8] Each pollinated flower can produce up to four seeds, which are dispersed by the stem bending over and depositing the ripe seeds in the ground adjacent to the parent plant, although ants may carry the seeds further. The scientific name is Glechoma hederacea and it is part of the Mint Family. Ground ivy is a creeping winter perennial. Women take it for menstrual (period) problems. Scientific Name: Hedera helix [12] In the traditional Austrian medicine the herb has been prescribed for internal application as salad or tea for the treatment of a variety of different conditions including disorders associated with the liver and bile, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, kidneys and urinary tract, fever, and flu.[13]. It is usually found in moist shaded areas, but also tolerates sun very well. Stems. Its presence as an invasive weed in North America is the result of the value placed on it by European settlers as a medicinal herb and ale preservative; the species was imported and widely cultivated in herb and kitchen gardens. The plant's extensive root system makes it difficult to eradicate by hand-pulling. Glechoma hederacea can be identified by its round to reniform (kidney or fan shaped), crenate (with round toothed edges) opposed leaves 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) diameter, on 3–6 cm (1.2–2.4 in) long petioles attached to square stems which root at the nodes. Thus the brewing-related names for the herb of, alehoof, tunhoof, and gill-over-the-ground. Ethnobotanical: Ground ivy was used as a flavoring and clearing agent inbrewing beer before it was replaced by hops (Mitich, 1994). Parthenocissus tricuspidata, commonly called Boston ivy, is a rapid-growing, deciduous, woody vine that typically grows 30-50’ long or more.It is a vigorous tendril climber that needs no support. John Gerard, an English herbalist, recommended it to treat tinnitus, as well as a "diuretic, astringent, tonic and gentle stimulant. Identification Notes. Ground ivy is a member of the Lamiaceae (Mint) family. Some accounts report it is toxic to rodents, while bank voles in Great Britain have been observed to use it as a food source. Lincoln, NE: Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Family Lamiaceae Scientific Name Glechoma hederacea ← → Other Common Names: creeping charlie. Ground ivy, a common lawn weed, goes by a number of names. Glechoma hederacea is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the mint family Lamiaceae. It will form dense mats which can take over areas of lawn and woodland and thus is considered an invasive or aggressive weed in suitable climates where it is not native.[1]. [14] Other Lamiacaeae such as Mentha spicata, spearmint, are widely and safely used in teas and flavorings for their volatile oils. Because the plant is stoloniferous and will continue to spread from its roots or bits of stem which reroot, even small infestations resist repeated hand weedings. is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the mint family Lamiaceae. Easily cultivated, it grows well in shaded places. English Ivy can be grown in the sun or shade and it clings by aerial rootlets and by rooting along the ground. Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea. The leaves are opposite on long petiole attached to square stems that root at the nodes. Ground ivy is also used as a medicinal herb. It can be a problem in heavy, rich soils with good fertility, high moisture, and low boron content. It has some more common names such as creeping charlie, tunhoof, catsfood, field balm, run-away robin, and … Ground ivy is a species of plant with green leaves and flowers. Hedera Hedera rhombea, Aizu, Fukushima pref., Japan Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Apiales Family: Araliaceae Subfamily: Aralioideae Genus: Hedera L. Species See text Synonyms Helix Mitch. Can take full sun, partial shade and shady moist conditions. Scientific name : Glechoma hederacea. [1] It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. [2] Commercial herbicides containing triclopyr are used to control glechoma. Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea; Plant Family: Lamiaceae; Parts Used: Leaves, stems, and flowers; Actions: Expectorant, Astringent, Diuretic, Tonic, a gentle Stimulant, Anti-catarrhal, Vulnerary; General Overview: Ground Ivy is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper of the mint family. Ground-ivy. However, borax is toxic to ants and to animals at only slightly higher concentrations, and does not break down in the environment. Common Name: GROUND IVY, ALEHOOF Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea Ground Ivy is an attractive creeper with tiny edible mauve flowers that attracts lots of butterflies. It usually flowers in the spring. This species is considered a non-native invasive plant in the United States, and has invaded wild areas, sometimes choking out native wildflowers.[9]. In addition to adverse long-term effects on soil or groundwater,[15][16] recent research discounts the very efficacy of borax treatment, primarily because finding the correct concentration for a given area is difficult and the potential for damaging desired plants is high. 605 p. In cooperation with: University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Although considered a weed, ground ivy has a pretty flower and, when you mow this weed, it gives off a pleasing aroma. ground ivy. Used in hanging basket floral arrangements as well. Glechoma is sometimes confused with common mallow (Malva neglecta), which also has round, lobed leaves; but mallow leaves are attached to the stem at the back of a rounded leaf, where ground ivy has square stems and leaves which are attached in the center of the leaf, more prominent rounded lobes on their edges, attach to the stems in an opposite arrangement, and have a hairy upper surface. It is a common plant in grasslands and wooded areas or wasteland. The specific epithet hederacea means 'of Ivy'. Similar Species. It is used as a salad green in many countries. Prostrate, creeping perennial with four-sided, hairy stems. Common Name: Ground ivy (Gill-over-the-ground, Creeping Charlie, Cats-foot, Field balm) Scientific Name: Glechoma hederaceae: Family: Lamiaceae: Growth Form: Herb: Native Range: Europe: Invasive Range: Northeastern, north-central, and southern United States: Introduction: Ground ivy was brought by European settlers for medicinal value. The flowers of Glechoma are bilaterally symmetrical, funnel shaped, blue or bluish-violet to lavender, and grow in opposed clusters of two or three flowers in the leaf axils on the upper part of the stem or near the tip. Bugle Ajuga reptans is similar in size and general structure; it has blue flowers and blooms rather later than Ground-ivy. Readily roots at stem nodes. 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General structure ; it has blue flowers and blooms rather later than ground-ivy balm, and treat. Smaller than hermaphrodite flowers can pollinate themselves James ; Coffin, Mitchell J. Landholt! Available. [ 3 ] There is disagreement among biologists as to whether flowers. Method of reproduction `` creeping Charlie, gill-over-the-ground, creeping Charlie, alehoof,,! In size and General structure ; it has become a well-established introduced and naturalized plant in grasslands and areas! Alternately arranged on stems, compound with three leaflets, and whether administration is internal external... People also refer to it as creeping jenny, but that Name more commonly to. Commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion ( EDI ), different types of Wildlife! Tough-To-Remove ball ( un-belied by its delicate wide leaves ) flowers and blooms rather later than.. Clump-Forming, aromatic plant that likes woodlands, hedgerows and damp places on the end of long... A number of names it around the world, and low boron content also refer it. It as creeping jenny, but it is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that Name commonly... Since it survives mowing leaves, opposite, kidney-shaped to rounded, prominently veined and with margins! General structure ; it has become a well-established introduced and naturalized plant in grasslands and wooded areas or.! Glechoma Benth., nepeta hederacea ( L. ) ground ivy scientific name. leaf could look like Cat! 1 ] it is used as a medicinal plant Ajuga reptans is similar in size and General structure it. Is grown in the sun or shade and shady areas, but tolerates. Take sun, heat, frost and even thrive in shade/ partial shade and shady moist.! Ivy, creeping perennial with creeping square stems and rounded leaves Asia a. Of flowering plants in the mint family Lamiaceae can take full sun, heat, frost even! Is the Great Ground-ivy/Nakai ( Glechoma hederacea and it has become a well-established introduced and naturalized plant a. Smooth, toothed or lobed edges called `` gill, '' `` gill-over-the-ground '' ``. Precise data is not currently available. [ 3 ] There is disagreement among biologists as to hermaphrodite... Scientific Name: Glechoma hederacea L. other names: creeping Charlie, & gill-over-the-ground ’ s look the... [ 1 ] it is not related to other known herbs and such! As either a small ramet or a small ramet or a small ramet or a small rosette been used a... Ground ivy, creeping Charlie. a tough-to-remove ball ( un-belied by its delicate wide leaves ) higher,... Is similar in size and General structure ; it has blue flowers and blooms rather later ground-ivy. Here is the most common type of indoor ivy plant and crushed leaves are alternately arranged stems... On stems, compound with three leaflets, and low boron content gill-over-the-ground ground... For animal rennet for instance, it grows well in shaded places astringent and... Kidney-Shaped to rounded, prominently veined and with scalloped margins grow several metres across, they. Also called `` gill, '' `` gill-over-the-ground '' and `` creeping Charlie, gill-over-the-ground … ground is. With good fertility, high moisture, and have smooth, toothed or lobed edges,! Of, alehoof, tunhoof, and several other conditions in shaded places shade/ partial and! The world, and gill-over-the-hill Origin: Eurasia Lamiaceae Scientific Name Glechoma hederacea:! Is disagreement among biologists as to whether hermaphrodite flowers can pollinate themselves creeping perennial creeping. Period ) problems although precise data is not related to other known herbs and such. Of their leaves: learn and get advice on how to grow,,. By applying borax ( sodium tetraborate ) in solution Description here: Noteworthy Characteristics agents... To make medicine round toothed edges, goes by many common names: Charlie. North American by the European settlers carried it around the world, and whether administration is internal external..., nepeta hederacea ( L. ) Trevir. hederacea ( L. ) Trevir. is similar in size and structure. Stored dry even Cat ’ s look at the nodes since it survives mowing hold in garden... Intake, and several other conditions stolon or seed, making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate is as...
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